Academic journal article Science Scope

Scientists Confirm Existence of Largest Single Volcano on Earth

Academic journal article Science Scope

Scientists Confirm Existence of Largest Single Volcano on Earth

Article excerpt

A team of scientists has uncovered the largest single volcano yet documented on Earth. Covering an area roughly equivalent to the British Isles or the state of New Mexico, this volcano, dubbed the Tamu Massif, is nearly as big as the giant volcanoes of Mars, placing it among the largest in the solar system.

Located about 1,000 miles east of Japan, Tamu Massif is the largest feature of Shatsky Rise, an underwater mountain range formed 130 to 145 million years ago by the eruption of several underwater volcanoes. Until now, it was unclear whether Tamu Massif was a single volcano or a composite of many eruption points. By integrating several sources of evidence, including core samples and data collected on board the JOIDES Resolution research ship, the scientists have confirmed that the mass of basalt that constitutes Tamu Massif did indeed erupt from a single source near the center.

William Sager, a member of the research team, first began studying the volcano about 20 years ago. 'Tamu Massif is the biggest single shield volcano ever discovered on Earth," he said. 'There may be larger volcanoes, because there are bigger igneous features out there, such as the Ontong Java Plateau, but we don't know if these features are one volcano or complexes of volcanoes."

Tamu Massif stands out among underwater volcanoes not just for its size, but also its shape. It is low and broad, meaning that the erupted lava flows must have traveled long distances compared to most other volcanoes on Earth. …

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