Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

The Influence of the Co-Working Office Environment Characteristics on Information Security Awareness and Behavior

Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

The Influence of the Co-Working Office Environment Characteristics on Information Security Awareness and Behavior

Article excerpt


The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical and practical implications for enhancing information security levels of coworking offices. This paper will investigate the influence of work environment characteristics of coworking office on information security awareness (ISA) and information security behavior (ISB). Thus, this study focuses on identifying work environment characteristics of coworking office and verifying the influences of these factors on ISA formation and ISB. In this study, job autonomy, shareability, and openness were identified as key factors among work environment factors of coworking offices, and the study results show that job autonomy had a positive influence on ISA formation with no influence on ISB. Shareability was found to have a positive influence on both ISA and ISB, while openness was found to have no influence on ISA or ISB. In the context of rapidly expanding coworking types of businesses due to the increase in the sharing economy, one person founding businesses and small businesses, the results of this study contribute to the theoretical expansion of coworking offices by discussing the complex and non-linear relationships regarding job autonomy, shareability, ISA, and ISB. In addition, this study has a practical significance in that it offers possibilities for enhancing the tools for customary management of shared and open office environments, while ensuring a maximum level of autonomy, in order to solve security problems that can occur in a coworking environment.

Keywords: coworking office, job autonomy, shareability, openness, information security awareness (ISA), information security behavior (ISB)


Jeremy Rifkin, an American economic sociologist, identified a new economic system that he called collaborative commons, the first new economic system since the advent of capitalism and socialism in the early nineteenth century. Stating that a hybrid economy of capitalism and common economy emerged, he predicted that a sharing economy will overtake the global economy around 2050. In addition, Rifkin assessed that the slowdown in growth, which is currently putting a halt on global economics, is not unrelated to the enormous shift from exchange value to shared value in the market. This collaborative common society is causing significant changes in the organizational work environment.

In the context of the change in social environment and the economic slowdown, the Korean government is leading the efforts to build a sustainable creative economy ecosystem by supporting an atmosphere that will be easier for startup companies. Consequently, one person founding or small startup businesses are on the rise. According to the results of the 2014 One-Person Founding Company General Survey conducted by the Small & Medium Business Administration in Korea, the number of one person founding companies was approximately 92,000 as of 2014. In 2015, the number increased to approximately 249,000 as the number of applicable industries increased due to amendments in related law. Accordingly, the demand for a new work environment where one person and small businesses realize their full potential and work cooperatively, is also growing.

As one person and small businesses are on the rise, the change in the conventional work environment is required and various coworking office environments utilizing collaboration are drawing attention. Coworking office environments have been on the rise for one to two years, especially in Teheran-ro, where information technology (IT) startup companies are concentrated. Coworking offices have the advantage of reduced rent and increased collaboration in organizations, along with potentially enhancing quality of life through job autonomy and concentrated work for individuals; however, it is true that there is an increased potential for security threats and security breaches because the very essence of a coworking office is to work together in the same space, although independently, and sharing office devices. …

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