Academic journal article Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

The Prevention of the Workplace Harassment at Japanese Universities: The Perspective of the Research and the Findings from the Complete Count Survey

Academic journal article Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

The Prevention of the Workplace Harassment at Japanese Universities: The Perspective of the Research and the Findings from the Complete Count Survey

Article excerpt

OBJECTIVES

This research is to examine a collective view of the definition and that of the concrete examples of workplace harassment at Japanese universities to enlarge the possibilities of prevention and the resolution of workplace harassment at universities in Japan. Fig. 1 The two stages of the research--This research is divided into two stages. In the first stage of the research, the questionnaire was performed to collect the documents related to the harassment prevention and to collect the basic information about the respondents that have the documents. And in the second stage of this research, I am going to analyze the documents as a text to find the common view of the definitions of the workplace harassment and the cases of workplace harassment written in the documents.

In the first half of this article, I will explain the background and the perspectives of this research. And in the next half of this article, I will show the progress at the first stage of the research and the outcome of the questionnaire that was performed from October and November in 2014. The style of the questionnaire was the complete count survey.

BACKGROUND

"Workplace harassment " in higher education in Japan has been called " academic harassment" since 1995. According to Ogoshi(2004) who performed a questionnaire survey with random sampling method for full-time teachers working at Japanese universities in 2002; response rate 38%, number of responses 931, it is reported that there were from a few percent to 20 percent of the respondents each in every items answered that they were victims of harassment and that the lower the rank of the position, the more vulnerable to harassment. They also reported that one fourth of the respondents knew that there were some damaged from academic harassment in their surroundings and the total number of the damaged people reached to 750.

In the report of "Individual Dispute Resolution System " by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare(2012), the number of people used this system for workplace harassment cases in 2011 was 45,939 and recently the number of the users of part-time workers is increasing. In January 2012, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare publicly announced the definition of workplace harassment. They stated that the purpose of the prevention of workplace harassment is to respect the dignity and personal rights of workers and that they emphasized that active involvement in prevention and resolution of workplace harassment is important.

The national universities (2) were privatized in 2004 in Japan. Since then, the number of part-time teachers, researchers and clerical workers has been increased and the type employment was diversified among workers in the same office. This work environment seems to cause troubles easily and the possibility of the trouble cannot be denied. The damages from workplace harassment on one's career seem to be very serious.

However, the preventive measure for "Ijime and Iyagarase" or workplace harassment at university is not enough in Japan. It is necessary that the universities as the major institutions of higher education should have a collective view of the definition of workplace harassment and of concrete examples of work harassment and it is important that they should share the view to prevent and resolute the problem for the sake of the dignity and personal rights of researchers. However, there has not been any collective view of them among Japanese universities. In this article, I will report the progress and the outcomes of the complete count survey which I started in October 2013 for all the universities in Japan

According to the report of the first research performed by Ogoshi et al in 2002 ; the rate of response was 51%, the number of respondents was 114 universities, with regard to the "harassment without sexual harassment", there was neither consulting service nor prevention system found in Japanese universities and 25% of universities were carrying out the dispute resolution procedures. …

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