Academic journal article Science Scope

Puzzled by ETS?

Academic journal article Science Scope

Puzzled by ETS?

Article excerpt

Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) is one of the Disciplinary Core Ideas in the K-12 Framework. Use our puzzle to review the similarities, differences, and interconnectedness of science and engineering. Consult chapters 3 and 8 in the Framework for help. Good luck!

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Across

2 Engineering, technology, science, and society are ____ and have profound effects on human society

4 A type of model used by engineers that includes drawing and sketches

5 ____ are the goal of science

8 Engineers often analyze a design by creating a ____ to collect data on how it performs

9 Computer-based models allow engineers to estimate the effects of a change in one feature on other features or on overall performance before the product is built

11 Effective engineering designs must ____ established specifications and constraints

18 Optimizing a design solution often requires making ____ among competing criteria

19 Engineers' basic approach to problem solving is the ____

20 Specifications that the final engineering product, solution, or system must meet

21 Engineering advances have led to many important discoveries in ____

23 Science and engineering are very ____ in how they function

24 Engineers design objects, processes, or systems to meet ____

25 Engineers ____ their designs to achieve the best solution to a problem

26 In engineering, the goal of argumentation is to ____ prospective designs

Down

1 Engineering is driven by ____ ____

3 In engineering, each new version of a design is ____ ____ ____

5 A factor or constraint to be considered when evaluating an engineering design or solution

6 Both scientific investigations and engineering design are ____ and systematic

7 Scientific discoveries have led to development of advances in ____

10 Information technologies, instruments, and tools used by scientists are designed by ____

12 Science constructs explanations; engineering designs ____

13 Engineers use models to see where failure points, difficulties, or ____ might develop in a design

14 Science begins with a question; engineering begins with a ____ ____ ____

15 The conditions under which an engineering problem must be solved

16 Any modification of the natural world made to fulfill human needs or desires

17 Product ____ is the goal of engineering

22 Engineers use data from models and experiments to ____ and improve a design

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