Academic journal article Science Scope

It's a Dessert Topping, and an Oil Dispersant

Academic journal article Science Scope

It's a Dessert Topping, and an Oil Dispersant

Article excerpt

With concerns about the possible health and environmental effects of oil dispersants used recently in the Deepwater Horizon disaster still fresh in mind, scientists described a new dispersant made from edible ingredients that both breaks up oil slicks and keeps oil from sticking to the feathers of birds.

"Each of the ingredients in our dispersant is used in common food products like peanut butter, chocolate, and whipped cream," said Lisa K. Kemp, who reported on the dispersant at the 244th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

"Other scientists are working on new oil dispersants and absorbents, but nothing that's quite like ours. It not only breaks up oil but prevents the deposition of oil on birds and other objects, like the ingredients in laundry detergent keep grease from redepositing on clothing in the rinse cycle. Birds can sit in slicks of the dispersed oil, they can dive through it and take off and flap their wings, and the oil will fall off."

Kemp's colleague, Robert Lochhead, developed the concept for the new dispersant, and the research team now has moved the material from concept to a prototype dispersant suitable for testing on actual oil spills. Lochhead said the new dispersant is based on scientific principles established decades ago during the development of modern laundry detergents. …

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