Academic journal article Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal

Francophone Intergroup Attitudes and Readiness for Interprovincial Migration in Canada

Academic journal article Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal

Francophone Intergroup Attitudes and Readiness for Interprovincial Migration in Canada

Article excerpt

Abstract

Though existing research helps account for readiness of migrants to move internationally, few social psychological studies have focused on readiness of native born citizens to move internally across regions of their own country. Francophones residing in Canada's bilingual belt comprised of Quebec, New Brunswick and Ontario rated their readiness to move internally to a French and English province compared to their readiness to migrate to the United States. Questionnaires were completed in French by three groups of undergraduates: Francophone Quebecers (n = 204), Acadians in New Brunswick (n = 227), and Franco-Ontarians (n = 227). Though readiness to emigrate to a French or English province was low across all groups, Franco-Ontarians were more willing to migrate out of Province and to the US than both Acadians and Francophone Quebecers. Predictors of readiness to migrate to Acadia (New Brunswick) or Quebec were: seeking better career prospects, perceptions that Francophones contribute to linguistic vitality, avoidance of linguistic tensions, and endorsement of integration-transformation toward Francophone migrants. Predictors of readiness to move to an English majority Province were: seeking better career prospects, English language use, and acceptance of Anglo-Canadians as migrants to own province. Predictors of readiness for emigration to the United States were very similar to those for internal migration to an English majority Province, confirming that factors accounting for internal and international migration share much in common. Results are discussed using ethnolinguistic vitality and the Interactive Acculturation Model with implications for harmony and social cohesion between Francophone and Anglophone communities within Canada's "Bilingual Belt".

Resume

Cette recherche porte sur les intentions de migration interprovinciale d'etudiants universitaires francophones originaires du Nouveau-Brunswick (Acadiens : N = 227), du Quebec (N = 204) et de l'Ontario (N = 227). Ces repondants francophones ont rempli des questionnaires en francais comprenant une serie d'echelles, de type Likert, qui ont servi a mesurer leur desir de migration interne vers une province francophone ou anglophone compare au desir d'emigration vers les Etats-Unis. Les resultats demontrent que bien que la volonte d'emigrer vers une autre province canadienne ou aux Etats-Unis etait faible chez les Acadiens et les Quebecois, elle etait plus soutenue chez les Franco-Ontariens dont l'identite bilingue etait plus forte que celle des Acadiens et Quebecois. Les predicteurs du desir de migrer vers le Quebec et l'Acadie au Nouveau-Brunswick etaient surtout pour s'assurer d'une meilleure carriere professionnelle, pour delaisser les tensions linguistiques dans la province d'origine et l'endossement de l'orientation d'acculturation integrationniste-transformation a l'egard des migrants francophones. Les predicteurs du desir de migrer vers les provinces anglophones et les Etats-Unis etaient semblables : pour s'assurer d'une meilleure carriere professionnelle, l'usage soutenu de l'anglais dans la vie quotidienne, et l'acceptation des migrants anglophones dans la province d'origine des repondants. La vitalite ethnolinguistique et le modele d'acculturation interactif contribuent a l'explication de ces resultats ayant des implications pour l'harmonie et la cohesion sociale des communautes francophones et anglophones de la <>.

INTRODUCTION

The causes of international immigration movements have been researched by sociologists and economists. For example, the push-pull model emphasized economic factors such as contrasting unemployment rate and high wage differentials to account for movement of individuals from labor-abundant low-wage countries to labor-scarce high-wage destination countries (Massey and Espinosa 1997). Better jobs and salaries are seen as 'pull' factors which motivate individuals to migrate from low to high opportunity countries. …

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