Academic journal article Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies

Case Study Title: Border Enforcement Department: A Facilitator of Commerce or Constraint on Economic Growth

Academic journal article Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies

Case Study Title: Border Enforcement Department: A Facilitator of Commerce or Constraint on Economic Growth

Article excerpt


Border Enforcement Department Authority

The general situation of the BED with regard to security continues to evolve and improve. The pace of improvement is dependent on the availability of funding, equipment, and collaboration with public and private organizations. The BED ensures an active link exists with the National Government's Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The national government exercises plenary authority over the island and empowers the Mayor of the island with the authority to execute border enforcement on the island.

BED Priorities

The BED is responsible for enforcing numerous local and national laws relating to passenger, cargo, and conveyance inspection and facilitation at the island's ports of entry. It is the mission of the department to protect the quality of life for the people of the island. This mission is performed by BED inspectors assigned to four major border enforcement sections. These sections are the Tactical Operations Section, Operations Support Section, Port of Entry Operations Section, and Administration Section (See Figure 1).

The work of the four sections contribute towards accomplishment of the BED mission, (See Figure 2) which consists of preventing the importation of illegal drugs, protecting the islands agriculture and wildlife, preventing the introduction and spread of diseases, regulating vehicle importations, enforcing environmental laws, preventing firearms from entry, collection of fees and taxes, preventing smuggling of counterfeit merchandise, safety inspection of consumable goods, provide assistance to other island governments at the island's ports of entry.

Personnel Description

The BED is comprised of approximately 142 trained and experienced border inspectors capable of conducting criminal investigations and initiating border enforcement operations to facilitate the detection, the deterrence, the disruption, and the eventual arrest of all persons and/or organizations involved in the smuggling of contraband into the island. Incorporated in this mission is the endeavor to provide highly probable information and intelligence allowing for the targeted inspections of persons, conveyances, and cargo. BED is responsible for the delicate balance of these border enforcement functions and the facilitation of commerce. Proper use of technology for selectivity of examination and reliable intelligence help to support BED's two-pronged mission.

BED personnel receive entry level training at the point of hire. This training lasts for approximately a year and encompasses border enforcement principles and law enforcement concepts during the first module of introductory training. The second module introduces port of entry regulatory training. The second module delivers national government regulatory requirement training coupled with the island's slew of regulatory and compliance training. The national government provides recurrent training for many of its regulations. The island's government does not provide additional training other than annual weapons proficiency testing. This situation holds true for any recurrent, developmental, or leadership type training.


The BED has benefited tremendously from collaborative efforts with the National Government. Productive outcomes have also been experienced from partnerships with other border enforcement counterparts such as the National Department of Agriculture, National Oceanic Observatory Agency, National Drug Combating Enforcement Agency, and the National Mail Carrier Inspection Service. Numerous operations conducted in conjunction with national law enforcement counterparts has contributed towards mitigating border threats while strengthening the security of the island's borders. Collaborative efforts have proven vital to accomplishing BED's desired layered coordinated approach to border enforcement at the island's borders. …

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