Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Political Process of Modern Russia and the Concept of Institutional Matrices

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Political Process of Modern Russia and the Concept of Institutional Matrices

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

This study is aimed at the solution of one major theoretical and practical problem of modern Russia. The transition of Russia from the totalitarian and authoritarian regime to democracy due to the scale of transformations is an unparalleled one in human history. And any study aimed to determine the characteristics of this process has certain significance. In our study, we tried to combine the theory of institutional matrices developed by S.G. Kirdina with some political process aspects in modern Russia. These results led to the preliminary conclusions that this theory can be successfully used at the political sphere analysis of modern Russia life, and the revealed features of the political process correspond to one of Y-matrices specified by Kirdina. And most importantly--the transition of Russia to a democratic regime is possible only at the support by the basic institutions of Y-matrix, and the search of a particular compound (convergence) with the additional institutions of X-matrix. This process involves the preservation of the traditional Russian ideals and values (teamwork, mutual support and help, the pursuit of justice) and their integration in the structure of institutions and values of socially-oriented market development model. Perhaps this symbiosis is unattainable. However, a negative result is also a result. In this sense, our conclusions are not final ones, of course. A final answer may be obtained only by the examination of the Russian political process during its final stage, which is still far from being final in our opinion. However, the present study and the forecasting of state and society future development require a thorough analysis of both basic and variable social development factors.

METHODS

The use of a neo-institutional approach in the study of society contributes to the further development of a system and a structural-functional approach and this explains an undeniable conceptual and methodological significance of the institutional matrix theory. The neo-institutional approach of society life main aspect analysis contributes to the search for and the identification of interaction and integration mechanisms concerning basic social institutions. The application of X and Y institutional matrix types shows the desire of researchers to get to the institutional foundations of modern societies, to identify the variety of social processes in different countries, to understand the experience and to predict the prospects of society development. It allows you to see the trends and draw some conclusions about the dependence of the present and future of Russian state and society on the specified basic institutions.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The institutions, according to D. North's opinion are the "game rules" in society ... the anthropogenic restrictive limits which organize the relationship between people ... set the structure of human interaction motives in politics, social sphere and economy. The institutional changes determine the society development procedure over time, and thus they serve as a key to historical change understanding".

According to the study purpose, let's focus on four positions stated by D. North.

1. Social institutions are the result of human society development, promoting its integration and organization.

2. The institutions determine the nature of socialization, the relations between people, make an impact on the system of social values, ideals, attitudes and orientations.

3. The structure of the basic social institutions is not only the indicator of relationship between the past and the present, it is also a bridge to the future and without the knowledge of laws and relationships of their operation, and a society has the risk to make useless and often dangerous steps in its development.

4. The institutions are not only establishments, rules and regulations, but are also certain relationship and interaction between people, promoting the emancipation and activization of their activities, or creating additional barriers for the society development. …

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