Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

A Study of Symbolic Representations of Spiritual Values in Students of Tatarstan

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

A Study of Symbolic Representations of Spiritual Values in Students of Tatarstan

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Spirituality is the basis of person's responsible and careful attitude on the global scale. Globalization of the world's establishment, postmodern values that are based on consumptive ideology, rationalization, and fragmentation of social consciousness create favorable conditions for neglecting moral principles of social arrangements.

In philosophic literature, spirituality defines the phenomenon of "Self' personality, becomes the basis of value system, the expression of creative and freedom-loving origins, intention of personal existence in historic perspective. K. Waaiman's works are worth noticing when studying the phenomenon of spirituality in general scientific scale. He defined various forms of spirituality, one of which was defined by the author as a secular spirituality (which is implemented in family relations), institutional and oppositional ones.

Spirituality is an inherent worth, which is able to resolve the problem of humansurvival, to become the base of innovational processes in theeconomy and to turn society's spiritual life into avaluable base for thefunctioning of various social institutes. Yu.A. Piriutko, while studying the phenomenon of spirituality, detected the specific character of new spiritual forms' influence on the economy when switching to informational society. Spirituality in theeconomyis implemented in household innovations, the results of which are innovative products.

The fact of spirituality's influence on nation's mental core is historically conditioned. Russian philosopher I.A. Ilyin saw Russia' national rebirth in faith, patriotism and historic traditions. Nikolai Berdyaev wrote about the new modern times, in thecondition of which modern consciousness, will and mind are parted, while super-rationalism is typical for Russia. V.Zh. Kelle's work is of academic interest. He points out that the harmony in intellectual and spiritual culture is an ideal, proximal to humanistic values.

If early scientific works considered spirituality as an object of research in philosophical groundings, modern sources define spirituality as something that is related to spiritual crisis and the level of society' spiritual development. For instance, S.V. Drobovtseva considers spiritual tradition as a source of socio-cultural changes of a person. Criteria of positive transformation include perceiving person's integrity as a part of events, empathy and dialogue with the environment. In V.V. Petukhov'swork, we observe nation's spiritual aspects. The author studies dependencies between the adherence to these or that moral norms and following them in everyday life. The author writes about theabsence of demand for such vital practices as diligence, honesty, modesty etc. S.V. Mareeva, considering general dynamics of Russians' normative and value systems, makes a conclusion about theuniqueness of Russian youths value system, which over the years undergoes transformation toward institutional limitations on therealization of individualistic values, that developed in Russia, and also shows the ways of modernization of Russian social institutes.

A.V. Suvorov writes about the quality of person's existence and distinguishes between two forms of spirituality: cognitive, which is comprehended via spiritual labor, and moral one. H.A. Alma, studying the process of personal self-development as a mental process, assign a great part to person's inner dialogue.

F. Vaughan studied interconnection between spiritual intellect and external living conditions. His work is dedicated to studying of spiritual experience and spiritual maturity, which are reflected in wisdom and sympathy. The group of authors from theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign developed the tool set and conducted the research dedicated to measuring of global life satisfaction in older people and their definition of subjective well-being. Yoonjae, Lee, Sangyeon, Song consider the formation of inner qualities and people's conditions through everyday practices of spare time's arrangement. …

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