Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Methodology of Studying an Artistic Text at English Lessons in the Implementation of the Federal State Educational Standards for Secondary General Education

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Methodology of Studying an Artistic Text at English Lessons in the Implementation of the Federal State Educational Standards for Secondary General Education

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The education system in Russia has endured a series of reforms. These changes are reflected as on the external (formal) as the internal (meaningful) level. The main requirement of the government to the current pedagogical process is to ensure purposeful process of education and training in the interests of the individual and society. Thus, one of the basic principles (on a par with the patriotic education) is "to create favorable conditions for the integration of the education system of the Russian Federation with the educational systems of other countries on an equal and mutually beneficial basis" [FL, 2012, No 273].

The successful implementation of this requirement of an integrative education and the fact that the Russian Federation is an integral part of the world culture and the economy are directly dependent on the elimination of cultural, linguistic and economic barriers to such cooperation. In this case, pedagogy as one of the main mechanisms for the implementation of the state program is changing the attitude to the foreign culture in the Russian society: it's important not to love but to understand the others and to accept them in originality. Such change will be the key to attracting the attention of the younger generation in the process of globalization in the world. This aspect of the modernization of the system of modern education leads to the increased requirements for mastering a foreign language. As a result there are more chances for the unhindered communication with non-native speakers.

The aim to create barrier-free environment has determined the content of the Federal State educational standards (FSES) for secondary (full) general education [FSES, 2012, No 413]. Thus, in accordance with the paragraph 9.1.2., the substantive result of a foreign language acquisition is the formation of communicative competence in it. The determining factor in such understanding the importance of mastering a non-native (foreign) language is not in favor of the learning the language itself but the mastery of a foreign language culture. This change forces to reassess the system of goal-setting work of the foreign language teacher. His task should not be reduced to learning the language but to the formation of foreign language culture representation by the students.

METHODS

The concepts of cultural dialogue and understanding [M. Bakhtin, 1976], the language person [Karaulov, 2009], the competence (Eck, 1990; Savignon, 1991; Hutorskoy, 2013], communicative and cognitive approaches (Schepilova, 2005; I.Bim, 2007], the concept of integration in education [Archipenko, 2007] formed the methodological basis of the study. The theoretical bases of the research are works of literary theory [Tyupa, 2002] and methods of teaching literature [Svirina, 2010; Golikova, 2014].

There are also used a complex of complementary research methods: theoretical methods (the study and analysis of the scientific literature on the history of literature, linguistics, pedagogy and methods of teaching foreign languages); empirical methods (analysis of written work; monitoring the process of learning).

RESULTS

The priority areas defined by FSES based on achieving not only the subject but also metasubject results. For the Foreign language as a school subject it gives more chances to involve the student to the process of enlarging their erudition by teaching them how to search for the information. It's possible because of the foreign language teacher helps pupils to drop into the social problem. In his case there is the very effective possibility to demonstrate the world in its variety. That's why it's important to teach the young learners to accept the existing contrasting views on life. To aim the following the methods used by the teacher should be oriented to the modern principles based on the inter-subject relationship for the forming culture-centered competence.

PRACTICE

The Teaching of English Literature in The Modern School

In this part of the study the experience of Literature teaching in English at Municipal Budgetary General Education Institute "School No 49" of Novo-Savinovsky district of Kazan is presented. …

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