Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Mass Media of the Republic of Tatarstan Penal System: Social, Psychological and Communicative Aspects

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Mass Media of the Republic of Tatarstan Penal System: Social, Psychological and Communicative Aspects

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Recently works about influence of mass media on further life of convicts after their release from places of detention began to appear. Social resettlement of the former convicts taking place is long and is difficult. Mass media shall provide big help in this process. On pages of printing editions it is necessary to publish materials about methods of convicts psychological training for life in new conditions. Problems of the labor and household settling of the persons released from places of detention are relevant for all society.

Social resettlement of convicts shall take the important place in prevention of crimes. Actually the person released from places of detention faces a set of household issues which presently no law obedient citizen can solve. First of all there are problems with employment and housing. However, on condition of the positive solution of these main settling questions former convicts, released from correctional facility, undoubtedly, will face huge psychological problems in further free life. Relations with relatives and acquaintances, fellow workers and some other people which unpredictability change with time, it is even difficult to foresee the way adaptation goes with coming back to freedom.

These types of tasks are urged to be solved by corporate media of penal system. Carrying out the historical background analysis, it is necessary to emphasize the last decades in Russia, as well as around the world, when intensive growth of specialized corporate editions is observed. Similar editions began to develop in the USA in 1919-1940 (Bespalova A. G., Kornilov E. A., Korochensky A. P., 2003, p.432). Many major European companies have the specialized press. So, in Germany it is Siemens, Bosch (1919), in Italy--"Telefonid' Italia" (1925) in France--"Citroen Information" (1924), etc. (Krivonosov A., 2002, p. 38). In the book of the American researcher L. Bogart an idea of the USA printing market at the present stage is given (Bogart L., 1992, p.85). It is necessary to distinguish D. Davies' (Davis D., 1991, p.322) works from the sources which fully cover modern problems of the USA public authorities and mass media interaction concerning transformation of printing editions, in our opinion, the overview by American journalism J. Risser (Risser J., 1998, p.19) deserves attention.

Not only firms and organizations have specialized corporate editions, but also departments. So, in Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service

of Russia across the Republic of Tatarstan more than 30 years the press for the convicts who are in places of detention was published ("Right way", "After a sentence", "Other side"). During existence this edition, which has no analogs in a number of parameters and solvable tasks in the world, has undergone considerable changes. These concerned not only names and contents, but also questions of openness to society and media safety. It is necessary to notice that similar tendencies in general are common to the Russian and foreign mass media (Vasil Zagitovich Garifullin, Ruzil Galievich Mingalimov, 2015, p.192).

METHODS

Interest from the public in criminal and executive system, its increasing role in society is followed by the increasing inclusion of this system into the mass media communication environment (Aigul N. Gilmanova and Murshid H. Fatihova, 2015, p.1798). Corporate penal system editions in the context of the present media processes are of interest not only to experts journalists, but also to theorists of journalism in different countries.

Application of chronological method within this research allows to allocate stages of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia across the Republic of Tatarstan edition formation:

1. The first stage--from 1980 to 1992.

2. The second stage--from 1992 to 2001.

3. The third stage--from 2001 to 2013.

During the existence from 1980 to 2013 the newspaper of Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia across the Republic of Tatarstan has changed several names. …

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