Academic journal article Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Changing Business Process Management in Project Development

Academic journal article Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Changing Business Process Management in Project Development

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

The construction sector is in transition. All related manufacturing industries face the challenge to improve the processes within the whole sector. Building Information Modelling (BIM) could be a tool to make production and control chains more efficient (Verbaan, 2013). The question that is being answered her is: What are the business enabling capabilities regarding efficiency and effectivity of BIM in the domain of project development in the built environment for architects and project developers in the context of the current reality of the Dutch built environment? The answer to this question is found through literature research. These findings were validated through five interviews with BIM experts. The business enabling capabilities regarding efficiency and effectivity of BIM are: (1) planning / delivering on time and within budget, (2) communication, (3) coordination, (4) integrating sustainability, (5) decrease failure cost. However, the introduction of BIM requires a change in mind-set amongst all companies within the whole built environment, but also in understanding the processes of other construction related companies. It requires collaborating with other companies and altering the project exceeding chain of processes, making these processes Lean, and sharing knowledge for mutual gains. However, this is still in the future, the construction industry needs to undergo radical change. This research was conducted within a limited amount of time, therefore a limited amount of interviews have been taken. In order to give a proper answer to the research question, more interviews need to be done and more information has to be gathered on the current and future business processes within the built environment.

Keywords: Business Process Management, Project Development, Change, Building Information Modelling (BIM)

INTRODUCTION

The construction sector is in transition. All related manufacturing industries face the challenge to improve the processes within the whole sector. Building Information Modelling (BIM) could be a tool to make production and control chains more efficient (Verbaan, 2013).

"The worldwide marketplace is forcing the optimization of all functions and services. There is no place for waste in today's economy. As processes become more efficient, they need less management, control and regulation, and more leadership, alignment of expertise, vision and value" (Dean Kashiwagi in Verbaan, 2013).

Chain integration has been made possible through ICT. The idea behind a building information model (BIM) is that all data regarding an object are entered once and are available for all parties within the chain, from design, build and maintain. The benefits are evident: less balance failure and failure costs, and shorter durations (Verbaan, 2013). However, it is hard to find scientific information on the use of BIM in the field of project development. BIM is mostly used in the executing phase of the building process; the question is whether it can be used to contribute to sustain business processes in the whole of the built environment. Song and Choi (2012) state that existing process management models need to advance and reflect new environments in the construction industry, emerging needs for business process management and particular demands from IT.

Still, since the 1990s, just a handful of construction companies have considered and attempted to innovate their business structure, by adopting Business Process Management (BPM) (Song & Choi, 2012). Sustainable business management is a paradigmatic shift from that of traditional business management, aspiring towards the delivering of balanced and integrated performances in the three sustainability dimensions: social, economic and environmental. A business model that addresses win-win-win strategies for these sustainability dimensions is the means to successful assimilation an application of the sustainability concept into business management (Ahmed & Sundaram, 2011). …

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