Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Demographic Variables and Job Performance of Librarians in University Libraries in South East Nigeria

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Demographic Variables and Job Performance of Librarians in University Libraries in South East Nigeria

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The South East Zone is situated in the lowland forest region of Nigeria, with minor parts in the Niger Delta, where the Niger River fans out into the Atlantic Ocean in a vast network of creeks and mangrove swamps on the Bight of Bonny. It is also located between latitude 5-7 degrees north and longitude 6-8 degrees east, and occupies a total landmass of about 16,000 square miles in Southern Nigeria. The Zone is surrounded by a host of large rivers (Oriji, 2001).

It is important to note that this Zone suffered greatly from the Nigerian civil war that lasted for three years from 1967 to 1970. This war supposedly affected library, educational and human capital development in the Zone. It is against this backdrop that this Zone was chosen for the study; to see how the libraries in the Zone especially university libraries can become very effective through research on the predictors of job performance of the library staff.

The south eastern geopolitical zone is made up of five states with five federal universities namely: the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) Enugu State; NnamdiAzikiwe University (NAU) Awka, Anambra State; Federal University of Technology Owerri, (FUTO) Imo State; Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike (MOUAU), Abia State and the recently added Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo(FUNAI), Ebonyi State. The federal university libraries in South East Nigeria were established and funded by the federal government of Nigeria. The funding usually comes in the form of grants or Library Development Fund (L.D.F.) to cater for collection development, staff capacity building and recruitment as well as the day-to-day administration of these libraries. These libraries have the mandate to fulfill the vision and mission of their parent institutions. Though they are funded by the federal government of Nigeria, the funds are usually not sufficient enough for the development of library and information services in South East Nigeria. In their study of the libraries and librarians in South East Nigeria, Nwosu, Ugwoegbu and Okeke (2013) found that the librarians were poorly motivated and performed moderately in their workplaces. The implication of this finding is that the job performance of the librarians must be improved. This calls for the understanding of the factors that affect job performance of which demographic variables have been so identified in the literature. It is important that we also understand how far these variables can predict librarians' job performance as a right step in the direction of developing performance improvement strategies. Therefore, this study will focus on determining the predictive values of demographic variables in relation to the job performance of librarians in federal university libraries in SouthEast Nigeria.

1.1. Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between demographic variables and job performance of librarians working in the university libraries in South East Nigeria. Specifically, this study seeks to determine:

1) The demographic profiles of librarians in university libraries in South-East Nigeria.

2) The level of task performance of librarians in university libraries in South East Nigeria.

3) The level of contextual performance of librarians in university libraries in South East Nigeria.

4) The relationship between demographic variables and task performance of librarians.

5) The relationship between demographic variables and contextual performance of librarians.

1.2. Research Questions

The following five research questions guided this study:

1) What are the demographic profiles of librarians in university libraries in South East Nigeria in terms of their age, gender, education, years of work experience and job level or designation?

2) What is the level of task performance of librarians in university libraries in South East Nigeria? …

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