Academic journal article European Research Studies

Approaches to Regulation of the Informtion Space of the Regional Social and Economic Complex in the Russian Federation

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Approaches to Regulation of the Informtion Space of the Regional Social and Economic Complex in the Russian Federation

Article excerpt

Introduction

In the age of globalisation and growing competition on the world market the path of innovation becomes the basis for successful development of the regional social and economic complex (RSEC). One of the main factors of RSEC development is using information and communication technologies (ICT) in social and economic activity of the society, government and business.

Present level of ICT allows expanding the information space, contributing to the creation of favourable conditions for innovations and increasing social vertical mobility establishing contacts between the government, business and households. Therefore, one of the principal tasks of the government is effective communication of the regional, social and economic complex issues at all levels.

The goal of the research is to define the paths of development in the organisation of the information space in the regional social and economic complex. To do that, we need to specify the definition of information space, develop the methodology for RSEC information space analysis and, depending on the results, identify principal approaches to regulation of the information space of RSEC.

The object of the research is space and the subject is regulating space--the government. The information space of the region is studied from the perspective of the regional social and economic complex where government bodies act as managing institutional units.

To analyse the information space we used the following initial data and sources: government statistics, results of social studies of different organisations, analytical reports on ICT development and observation results. Sample observation of the population of rural areas was conducted in the form of questioning of households of distant areas of the Republic of Buryatia.

After the fall of the Soviet Union the united information space of the country was destroyed. Political events, sovereignisation of autonomous republics, territories and regions, regionalisation of Russian mass media, slackening of economy significantly changed the situation in the media space. Creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States could not have considerable influence on the recovery of the united information space of CIS (Shabalina, 2001; Kossova et al., 2014; Vovchenko et al., 2017; Akopova and Przhedetskaya, 2016; Shekhovtsov et al., 2017; Dzhukha et al., 2017).

Formation of the united organised information space is one the most systemically important factors of successful development of the regional social and economic complex, which is acquiring a new quality today. The united information space will allow increasing social vertical mobility, to optimize business processes, to process ever-growing flow of information, to provide the security of these processes and information.

There are European, American and Asian lines of development of the information space (Vershinskaja, 1999). European line presupposes the balance between government control over the market and spontaneity of its development taking into account the fact that the role of each may change with time. For instance, "Information society 2000" programme (Denmark) prohibits the market from the development of the strategy of information highway implementation. In Swede the government manages, controls and guarantees the interests of the market and individuals.

The main goal of "eEurope" programme (European Union, 2000-2002) is to secure competitive strength of the economy and its rapid development and formation of allEuropean information space. The French programme "Government Action Program for Information Society" (1998-2000) was aimed at overcoming digital inequality and transferring to information society.

American and English line of informatisation includes minimisation of governmental functions during the process of informatisation, the main role is given to private individuals and investors: full liberalisation of the information technology market, restriction of state regulation in the field of telecommunications. …

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