Academic journal article Educational Technology & Society

Review of Mobile Learning Trends 2010-2015: A Meta-Analysis

Academic journal article Educational Technology & Society

Review of Mobile Learning Trends 2010-2015: A Meta-Analysis

Article excerpt

Introduction

With the advent of mobile technologies, new paradigm of teaching and learning with technology aid had been emerged, that is mobile learning (M-Learning). Mobile technologies purvey opportunities to hold new and interesting methods of teaching and learning, both beyond and inside the classroom. Apropos to the teaching-learning process, the integration of mobile devices into educational context has considerable benefits and profoundly potential which consistence with Valero et al. (2012) who claimed that the technological features of M-Learning are portability, immediacy, connectivity, ubiquity and adaptability. It enables collaboration among pupils, knowledge creation, information searching and improved interaction and communication between teacher and student. Moreover, it facilitates access to learning anytime and anywhere by enabling connectivity and the employ of multiple apps for educational purposes (Fundacion Telefonica, 2013). In short, M-Learning has been recognized as one of the most influential technologies for education (Johnson, Adams, & Cummins, 2012).

Therefore, this paper intends to provide insights into the research trends and issues in the studies of M-Learning through content analysis of selected journals from January, 2010 to December, 2015, covering six major journals: (1) Computer & Education (C&E), (2) British Journal of Educational Technology (BJET), (3) Educational Technology & Society (JETS), (4) Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (JCAL), (5) The Internet and Higher Education (IHE) and (6) The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRODL).

This study reported herein, investigated longitudinal trends of M-Learning research with text mining techniques. In sum, this study systematically reviews and synthesizes the relevant literature through a meta-analysis (Creswell, 2002, pp. 351-353) to provide a more comprehensive analysis of previous studies.

Specifically, the present study poses the four research questions:

* What are the sources of the article regarding periodic journal, publisher and country that were related to M-Learning that were published in these selected journals from 2010-2015?

* What are the main research purposes, sampling and outcome/conclusion that was related to M-Learning that were published in these selected journals from 2010-2015?

* What are the learning domains, device used, and educational context related to M-Learning that were published in these selected journals from 2010-2015?

* What types of research design have been applied in article research of M-Learning that were published in these selected journals from 2010-2015?

Literature review

Definition of M-Learning

M-Learning, which means learning through mobile devices (such as smart mobile phones and tablet PCs), is changing the educational environment by offering learners the opportunity to engage in asynchronous, ubiquitous instruction (Hyman et al., 2014). M-learning is a teaching method that has the intersection between mobile computing and e-learning (Quinn, 2000; Keengwe, 2014) that integrates several software and firmware technology in multimedia applications (Lavin-Mera et al., 2008) which facilitate learning through a variety of wireless mobile devices (Kukulska-Hulme, 2005; Stevens & Kitchenham, 2011) using wireless networks (WiFi) or broadband services (Caudill, 2007) without limit in terms of location or time. (Kukulska-Hulme, 2005; Hussin et al., 2012; Quinn, 2000). Furthermore, Keegan (2002) contemplates the possibility of M-Learning as a harbinger of the future of learning.

M-Learning research

The use of mobile devices for educational purposes, recognized as M-Learning has gained substantial attention from researchers in the technology-enhanced learning discipline. Recent research findings on using mobile devices in different learning environments have exemplified their ability to effectively enhance students' learning knowledge. …

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