Academic journal article International Journal of Yoga

Electrons in Biology

Academic journal article International Journal of Yoga

Electrons in Biology

Article excerpt

Byline: T. Srinivasan

Introduction

Electrons are one of the fundamental particles postulated in physics and one of the early evolutes after the big bang, when universe started to expand and evolve into galaxies and star systems. Electrons exist in all matter, both as bound electrons and as free electrons. In biological systems, electrons play an important role in oxidation-reduction reactions.[sup][1] In this small book, Szent–Gyorgyi has argued that a biologist deals normally with three levels of living systems, namely, macroscopic, microscopic, and molecular levels. The last and the most important level is the most subtle too and is the electronic level. At this level, we look for electronic exchanges that take place at the subatomic plane. Electronic configurations at this level provide many faceted properties to the cells. He recalls his ideas in this area as follows: “The main actors of life had to be electrons whereas the clumsy and unreactive protein molecules had to be the stage on which the drama of life was enacted” (1, p. 5). This fascinating and insightful statement made in the early part of last century was received with scepticism; in fact, it presupposed many later discoveries and was thus much ahead of its time. He goes on to state that “Taking out electrons irreversibly is killing” (1, p. 18).

The above narration by a leading scientist provides a basis for investigating electron transfer mechanism in biology. For life to emerge, certain conditions are required one of them being maintenance of low entropy (increasing negentropy). It should be noted that increase in entropy signifies increased disorder in a system, while the term negentropy signifies a measure of order. The system should be able to absorb energy from the environment and provide a negentropic milieu for sustenance of life processes. It is said that in the energy cycle within an organism, electrons are passed from hydrocarbons to oxygen.[sup][2] This energy cycle is the driving mechanism for maintaining life processes in cells.

At present, a great deal work is taking place on redox imbalances in the body. Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed. We know, for example, that oxidation (losing an electron) of a biomolecule could results in many health problems. Further, reactive oxygen species along with reactive nitrogen species are considered as one of the major contributing factors for oncogenesis or cancer production. It is said that “Oxidative stress induces a cellular redox imbalance which has been found to be present in various cancer cells compared with normal cells; the redox imbalance thus may be related to oncogenic stimulation.”[sup][3] Further, it is observed that unremitting inflammation is one of the basic problems related to acute as well as chronic diseases. Research in this area suggests that effects of inflammation could be reduced through earthing the body.[sup][4] This is a simple procedure, connecting the body to the ground which is a rich source of electrons. On grounding the body, electrons find an easy path to enter the body and perhaps able to neutralize the oxidative stress.

Water is a major electron provider inside the body and let us reviews what has been reported so far in the role of water in health and disease.

Water has a major role to play in all living systems. In the body, liquid water seems to display as charged particles and coherent domains (CD) are established through trapping of specific electromagnetic frequencies. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.