Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

Tuning the Mind in the Frequency Domain: Karl Pribram's Holonomic Brain Theory and David Bohm's Implicate Order

Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

Tuning the Mind in the Frequency Domain: Karl Pribram's Holonomic Brain Theory and David Bohm's Implicate Order

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

To the physicist David Bohm (1980), the larger universe, referred to as "the Whole," consists of two domains, an implicate order and an explicate order. Bohm's explicate order is congruent with what is frequently referred to in physics as space-time, the familiar region sensed by human beings primarily through the qualia of vision and hearing. Space-time consists of four dimensions: three dimensions of space (height, width, and length) plus a single dimension of time. Contemporary physics asserts, however, that there are more than these four dimensions. Einstein himself, in developing his general theory of relativity, demonstrated that it takes ten numbers tracking ten fields or dimensions, to describe fully the mathematics of gravity (Yau and Nadis 2010, 10).

While classical Newtonian physics has focused solely within an exploration of the four dimensions of space-time (height, width, length, time), quantum physics has begun to seek data implicating additional dimensions outside of space-time. But where are such dimensions to be sought? Are they perhaps outside of, other than, or even beyond space and time? Proponents of quantum string theory describe these additional dimensions as being extremely small, telling us that they are somehow "curled up" just outside of space-time (Klein 1991). As is often the case, trying to use language to describe mathematics becomes paradoxical and imprecise; using the attributes of size ("large," "small," etc.) for these non-spatial dimensions may be self-contradictory. Nevertheless, in 1926 the Swedish physicist, Oskar Klein, calculated that the size of one of these dimensions could be no larger than [10.sup.-30] cm, slightly above the Planck length length limit of [10.sup.-33] cm (Klein 1991, 110).

In 1995, a physicist in southern California, Edward Witten--building upon the work of Einstein and Klein--proposed an eleven dimensional structure to completely describe the universe as a "Whole" (Witten, 1995). Witten's model has come to be known as "M-theory" (generally taken to stand for "membrane," "matrix," "master," and alternately, in a spirit of levity, as "mother," "monster," "mystery" and "magic"; see Duff 1996). Whitten developed the mathematics of M-theory upon the initial assumption that the fundamental constituents of reality must be tiny "strings" of Planck length (at [10.sup.-33] cm) that exhibit rotational vibration at quantum resonant frequencies (Yau and Nadis 2010, 124).

A representational topology of the missing seven dimensions was developed by mathematicians Eugenio Calabi and Shing-Tung Yau in what has come to be known as the Calabi-Yau manifold, depicted in Figure 1. Represented here is a geometric model of these missing seven dimensions at spatial scales below the Planck length. Note that the different shaded regions in the image represents the seven distinct dimensions beyond the four associated with space-time.

While the Calabi-Yau manifold is a representation that includes the "missing dimensions" beyond the simplified geometry of Whitten's "string," Bohm sees the explicate order of space-time as ending below the spatial dimensions bounded by the Planck length diameter, (i.e., below the inner surface of spherical shells of Planck length diameter of [10.sup.-33] cm). This internally bounded region, referred to as a Planck holosphere or quantum black hole, is shown in Figure 2, where a Calabi-Yau manifold can be seen superpositioned at the center within the bounding locus of a such a quantum black hole (Joye, 2016).

Shing-Tung Yau, who proved the mathematical existence of the Calabi-Yau manifold, describes John Wheeler's concept of quantum foam in "the idea that what might appear to be a smooth, featureless object from a distance can look extremely irregular from close up" (Yau and Nadis 2010, 315-14). This supports Bohm's conjecture that a quantum potential wave is generated by the spin turbulence and quantum foam occurring as boundary conditions of these quantum black holes which separate spacetime from nonspatial, nontemporal dimensions of the implicate order. …

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