Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

Recent Advances in Post-Quantum Physics

Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

Recent Advances in Post-Quantum Physics

Article excerpt


Classical physics from Newton to Maxwell emerged from the 17th to the end of the 19th Centuries dealing with the motion of matter under the influence of forces--mainly electromagnetism. Although Newton thought of gravity as a force, Einstein in 1915 realized that gravity is not a real force in the same way that electromagnetism exerts forces on charged particles. Gravity is, in fact, the curvature of the four-dimensional spacetime continuum induced by large concentrations of matter. This is why astronauts on the space station are weightless, They move on "geodesic" paths free of real forces. This is basically the essence of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity.

Quantum mechanics is not only needed to understand the chemical bond using tiny electrons to make molecules out of atoms, and atomic nuclei out protons and neutrons etc. We also need it to understand the stability and structure of solids, energy generation in stars as well as the long-range coherent phase wave properties of superfluid helium and electrical superconductors at the lowest temperatures near absolute zero. The achievement of high-temperature superconductivity allowing electrical power to flow long distances without any heat dissipation would dramatically change the energy picture as would the development of nuclear fusion--neither goal unfortunately has been achieved after many decades of trying. All of these applications were part of the first quantum revolution still unfinished.

The second quantum information/computation/crytpographic revolution described in David Kaiser's book is about what Einstein called "spooky telepathic action-at-a-distance" given the more neutral name of "entanglement" although some call it "quantum voodoo." Einstein was not comfortable with entanglement because it seemed to contradict his classical physics theory of relativity which requires that no useful signals conveying meaningful messages can be transmitted faster than the speed of light in a good vacuum. However, we now know how to make observed quantum entanglement connecting widely separated particles consistent with Einstein's relativity. In fact, Einstein's mathematics is perfectly consistent with an extension of our notion of time, cause and effect. Our common sense is a psychological illusion in which time only seems in our consciousness to flow from past to present to future. This irreversible "arrow of time" (aka Second Law of Thermodynamics) is seen in the tragic fact that we age and die, eggs do not unscramble themselves, etc. However, quantum entanglement, which is beginning to play the crucial role in practical command-control-communication technology, is becoming increasingly important to Google, Apple, Microsoft et-al in their Artificial Intelligence Big Data business, is telling us that time also flows in reverse from future to present. In fact, all quantum entanglement phenomena in the present come from back-from-the-future "destiny" partial causes in addition to the familiar classical historical past partial causes of those same present effects. In other words what happens to the world now not only depends on our past history, but also on our future destiny!

Finally, we have the third or "post-quantum revolution" that explains not only how our own human consciousness emerges out of the two-way action-reaction between classical matter particle and fields with their respective back-from-the-future destiny and from-the-past history quantum information "thought" mental wave fields, but all possible forms of consciousness including conscious artificial intelligence machines from Intel, Microsoft, Apple et-al at the billionth of a meter "nano-electronic" level. Our history mental field is the seat of our memories of things past. Our destiny mental field is the source of our intuition, of our creative ability to imagine, wonder and discover.


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