Academic journal article Insight Turkey

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation Processes in Colombia

Academic journal article Insight Turkey

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation Processes in Colombia

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT In this article, we present and reflect on the role of the Armed Forces in the reparation of the victims of the Colombian conflict. The article recognizes that reparation is a very important part of a comprehensive process involving truth, justice, compensation, forgiveness, reconciliation and non-repetition. The development of this article is a theoretical-reflective component of the triad: Truth, Justice and Reparation; it further develops the concept of reparation, and presents some international experiences in order to examine the elements that constitute successful reparation processes. Then, it reflects on and analyzes reparation in Colombia, and envisions some scenarios in which the Military Forces of Colombia could help to strengthen this process. Finally, it provides a series of reflections on the contributions and responsibilities of the Armed Forces in regard to the victims of the armed conflict in Colombia.

Introduction

In the context of negotiations in Havana, representatives of the Armed Forces were questioned about the possibilities and opportunities they have as key contributors to an eventual post-conflict agreement. One of the areas of greatest interest and attention is the process of reparation and the role the Armed Forces could play in this process. On the one hand, some members of the Armed Forces have suffered the consequences of war directly on their bodies and minds; on the other hand, the members of the Armed Forces are aware that, as actors in the conflict, they must assume responsibilities in the post-conflict era and find an opportunity to address their responsibility through the process of reparation.

Indeed, for the Armed Forces to question their role in post-conflict era means that they must recognize that in the heat of war they may have made mistakes and, in some circumstances, may have deviated from their mission or made errors in judgment, as in the case of homicides of persons protected (called false positives). In seeking to understand and engage in dialogue as part of the reparation processes, the Armed Forces as an institution must assume its role in a post-conflict scenario, and as an actor, provide opportunities for reconciliation and peace. The ultimate goal of the Military Forces in terms of the role they may play in the post-forces agreement is to recognize their achievements in accomplishing lasting peace for all Colombians.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

In this article, we present and reflect on the role of the Armed Forces in the reparation of the victims of the Colombian conflict. Reparation is a very important part of a comprehensive process involving truth, justice, compensation, forgiveness, reconciliation, and an end to the conflict.

The development of this article is a theoretical and reflective exploration of the triad Truth, Justice and Reparation. Subsequently, it develops the concept of reparation, and presents some international experiences of reparation, in order to provide a classification of the elements to be contained in a successful reparation process. Then, it reflects on and analyzes the process of reparation in Colombia, and envisions some scenarios in which the Military Forces of Colombia could help to strengthen this process in the country. Finally, it provides a series of reflections on the contributions and responsibilities of the Armed Forces toward the victims of the armed conflict in Colombia.

Truth, Justice and Reparation

Truth, justice and reparation are the three primary elements that have been part of the discussions undertaken in recent years in Colombia, from the agreements between the State and paramilitary groups in Santafe de Ralito, and the negotiations between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or "People's Army" (FARC-EP). These three elements correspond to the major issues that must be addressed in the processes in which the cessation of armed confrontation and the possibility of agreeing to peace is negotiated. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.