Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 62, No. 3, July 2017

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 62, No. 3, July 2017

Article excerpt

On the Inauthenticitv of the Critias, MARWAN RASHED and THOMAS AUFFRET

In this paper, the authors highlight a number of difficulties concerning the relationship between the Critias and the Timaeus, notably a contradiction between Timaeus 27a-b and Critias 108a-c. On this basis they argue that the Critias must be considered spurious.

Pseudo-Plato on Names, FRANCESCO ADEMOLLO

The pseudo-Platonic Definitions seems to ascribe to [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], "name," the function of signifying two kinds of predicate. This is problematic, and the author proposes an emendation of the text, arguing that a definition of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], "verb," has fallen out.

Aristotle's Embryology and Ackrill's Problem, NICOLA CARRARO

Ackrill's Problem is a tension between Aristotle's alleged view that the matter of a living being is a body that is essentially ensouled, and his view that the matter of a substance preexists its generation. Most interpreters solve the tension by claiming that the subject of substantial generation is not the organic body of the living being, but its nonorganic matter. The author defends a different solution by showing that the embryological theory of On the Generation of Animals implies that the organic body of a living being already exists before acquiring the soul in actuality.

The Annicerean Cyrenaics on Friendship and Habitual Good Will, TIM O'KEEFE

Unlike mainstream Cyrenaics, the Annicereans deny that friendship is chosen only because of its usefulness: the wise person cares for her friend and endures pains for him because of her goodwill and love. Nonetheless, the Annicereans maintain that your own pleasure is the telos and that a friend's happiness is not intrinsically choiceworthy. …

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