Academic journal article Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal

The Effect of Transformational Leadership in Achieving High Performance Workforce That Exceeds Organisational Expectation: A Study from a Global and Islamic Perspective

Academic journal article Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal

The Effect of Transformational Leadership in Achieving High Performance Workforce That Exceeds Organisational Expectation: A Study from a Global and Islamic Perspective

Article excerpt

Abstract

Over the last decade and a half, the study on transformational leadership in any organizational settings has gone through a significant evolution in terms of theory development as well as empirical investigations. Many researchers have now embarked on the study, both from the global perspective and from the Islamic perspective. Islam is the concept of leadership is interrelated to trust (amanah) which signifies a psychological contract between a leader and his followers whereby the leader will do his best to guide, protect and treat them fairly and with justice. As a result, our knowledge about this leadership style has deepened, and there are several dominant theories that are now established paradigms in the leadership field. Despite the development there is numerous magnitudes of these leadership forms that we still don't know very much. Hence, it is only proper that we examine where we need to go into the future. Leaders play the primary role in establishing and motivating employees' performance, but little research has examined the specific processes which stimulate the effect of transformational leadership resulting high-performance workforce exceeding organizational expectation. This study will seek the answer based on the global as well as the Islamic perspective.

Keywords: Transformational leadership, High performance work force, Organizational expectation

INTRODUCTION

The study of transformational leadership from Islamic perspective is to review the roles played by Muslim leaders'. The significance that underlies this study is to offer basic description and knowledge in finding the attributes and values Muslim leaders demonstrated as transformational leaders in which leaders guide their followers to the Right Path and discharged their duties in exemplary manner. The literature suggests that transformational leadership from the Islamic perspective partly resembles followers or modeling from the leadership style of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as their role model. Followers' leaders are transformational leaders who suffice by following what Prophet Muhammad does. They build collaboration among their peers and subordinates and constantly promote interaction.

The study refers to some details which are based upon the behavioral example of past Muslim leaders. It is from this point that the Muslim community and leaders in history has taken these details from the Prophets behavior as the best model and example of how moral values, ethical principles and communicative behavior in keeping with the teachings and ethos of Islam can be incorporated into leadership portfolio.

BACKGROUND

Transformational leadership has been defined as leader behaviors that transform and inspire followers to perform beyond expectations while transcending self-interest for the good of the establishment that they are being employed by (Avolio et al., 2009). The concept has become one of the most exceptional theories of organizational behavior simply because organizations need leaders of excellence to steer the company's objectives and goals. Creating high-performance workforce has become increasingly vital and to do so business leaders must be able to motivate organizational members to go beyond their task requirements. An important characteristic of leadership is using human talents to develop them to perform, faith and uprightness in employees and the organization (Daft, 2005). Many new notions of leadership have surface - transformational leadership being one of them.

Research has not only authenticated the existence of transformational leadership but also has consistently linked the practice of these transformational leadership behaviors with employee performance and satisfaction (Bass and Riggio, 2006). Transformational leaders guide the way by stimulating intellectual curiosity and stimulating achievement. Additionally, transformational leaders empower team members to develop their own leadership skills by paying attention to individual needs and development. …

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