Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 62, No. 4, 2017

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 62, No. 4, 2017

Article excerpt

The Arrangement of the Platonic Corpus in the Newly Published Compendiosa Expositio Attributed to Apuleius of Madaura, JASON G. RHEINS

The Middle Platonist Compendiosa Expositio gives dialogue-by-dialogue summaries of doctrines allegedly expounded in Plato's works. According to Justin Stover, the principle of division used by the work for arranging Plato's dialogues is the dominant philosophical influence in each case. The author argues that there is no principle of division, and that the dialogues are arranged, not on the basis of influence, but according to their main speaker. One thing this allows, he suggests, is for the author of the Compendiosa Expositio to assert the dependence of the Stoics on Plato.

A Battle Against Pain? Aristotle, Theophrastus and the Physiologoi in Aspasius, On Nicomachean Ethics 156.14-20, WEI CHANG

Aristotle's soul is a first principle (an efficient cause) of every vital change in an animal, in the way that a craft is a cause of its product's coming-to-be. This paper argues that the soul's causal efficacy cannot therefore be reduced to the formal constitution of vital phenomena, or to discrete interventions into independently constituted processes, but involves the exercise of vital powers. This reading does better justice to Aristotle's conception of craft as a rational productive disposition; and it captures the soul's continuous causal role as that which brings about all forms of vital change and underwrites their unity. …

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