Academic journal article Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal

Ascertaining the Influence of Task Motivation and Constructive Cognition of Self-Leadership on Career Development of Women Leaders

Academic journal article Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal

Ascertaining the Influence of Task Motivation and Constructive Cognition of Self-Leadership on Career Development of Women Leaders

Article excerpt


The emergence of women into leadership positions has been progressively slow, although women in leadership have increased over the past decades, however the rate at which women are progressing into leadership positions is low. A study by the international federation of journalist conducted on the issue of media and gender in (Asia Pacific Region, 2015) reported high gender stereotyping still exist and that women are still deemed the weaker gender and hence career privileges are for women are ignored compared to their male counterparts. According to (Dizaho et al., 2015) women advanced more slowly in organizations than men. Malaysia women are moderately educated compared to their male counterparts and according (Department of Statistic Malaysia 2016), Malaysian women encompasses of 53.6% of the country's workforce. However, although women are progressively participating in the labour market, it remains a dilemma why less and lesser women are holding managerial/leadership positions. This puzzle has caught the attention of Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak and he, strategically suggested that every organization should have at least 30% of women involve in executive level (Malaysia Debt Ventures Online 2016). While this degree was introduce to encourage women in taking up more decision making positions and to encourage men in closing the gender inequality in the country, the emergence of women in the elite positions are steadily slow. Women managers make up only 3.2% and women professionals only 14.8%," said Women, Family and Community Development Minister Datuk Seri Rohani Abdul Karim (The Malaysia Insider 2011; The Sun Daily 8th May 2014), Therefore prompting the interest of this study.

Career development has become increasingly challenging for working women, women have reported be opting out of jobs, delaying career progressing and making the decision to delay having children to accommodate career responsibilities (Dizaho et al., 2015; Louise, 2004; and Elisa; 2009). These challenges although are general prompt women into taking personal decisions that effects their career progressing , however could it be that women lack or are unaware of their self-leadership? How led are these women in their own thought, behavior and beliefs? Self-leadership, though a new concept is imperative in leading one's self and subsequently leading others successfully. Thus, this study embrace the inward approach to look deeper into this problem by taking into account the women's inward task motivation and constructive cognitive/thoughts strategies of self-leadership.


This study has two (2) main objectives;

1. To examine the influence of task motivation on career development

2. To examine the influence of constructive cognition on career development

Who is a woman Leader?

In this study, a woman leader is an individual of the female gender that holds a position of power and authority over subordinates where such power is exercised in achieving efficiency. Women with leadership position including managers, supervisors, and head of unit/department are defined as women leaders in this study.

Women in Leadership

Leadership entails exercising of control in ensuring efficiency and productivity of subordinates. Leadership position is accompanied with higher responsibilities and power; exercising that power in organizing, controlling, managing and leading employees towards a common goal occurs differently depending on the leader, hence leader's employee different styles in achieving results and women leaders have been linked more with democratic style of leadership than men (Dizaho, et al., 2015). Women for the past decades have made significant input on the labour workforce and women are still emerging into leadership and more elite positions. Debates have occurred that women in leadership positions exercises a more democratic approach in leading and are less effective compared to men leaders (Dizaho et al. …

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