Academic journal article The Qualitative Report

Aspirations of the Out-of-School Youth: Barangay Napara-An, Salcedo, Eastern Samar Perspective

Academic journal article The Qualitative Report

Aspirations of the Out-of-School Youth: Barangay Napara-An, Salcedo, Eastern Samar Perspective

Article excerpt

Introduction

Aspirations play a significant role in life and in the life outcomes of an individual (Leavy & Smith, 2010). Aspiration is a strong desire to achieve something, such as success (Aspiration, n.d.). An out-of-school youth (OSY), like anybody else in the society, aspires to achieve something in life, the aspiration being within the reach of one's consciousness. However, there are those with aspirations that are not available within their circumstances (Byun, Meece, Irvin, & Hutchins, 2012). The youth possess the conviction that they can achieve what they have aspired for because aspiration can provide for them a strong source of motivation (Tafere, 2015), and the aspirations they have set have the profound impact on their well-being (Bajema, Miller, & Williams, 2002). Since aspiration is an important ingredient in achieving something, then a person will have to achieve to the limit of the aspiration, and should this person believe that nothing could be done to achieve it, then he or she could cede if not assisted (Concepcion, 2012).

Aspirations among the youth differ. Their educational aspiration could either be to finish basic education, take up technical course, or pursue college education. They also have other personal aspirations. In the Philippines, the youth aspire to be literate while out-of-school, help their parents perform chores either in the household or in the farm, or do extra jobs to earn a living for the family (Fernandez &Abocejo, 2014). In Ethiopia, Beletech, a grade 5 pupil at age 17 said, "The most important thing in my life is my education because it is the only way that will help to fulfill my dreams" (Tafere, 2015, p. 8).

Youth living in the countryside make low, simple, and practical aspirations in life as a result of internal or external limitations of poverty (Tafere, 2015). When they settle with a certain aspiration, they also have decided for their future. Schaeffer (2000) said that persons define their life for years to come, perhaps forever. Their aspirations reflect their ideas of what they would like to become (Markus &Nurius, 1986, as cited in Haas, 1992) and their aspirations are affected by perceived future opportunities (Concepcion, 2012; St. Claire & Benjamin, 2011, as cited in Tafere, 2015).

The OSY of Barangay Napara-an are offered with the opportunity to get educated just within the place. The barangay has the schools intended to cater to the education needs of the inhabitants therein, from day care to graduate education. At the heart of the barangay is day care center. Close to the center is an elementary school. Nearly a kilometer southward is the Vocational High school and the Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus, just along the side of the National highway.

This case study explored the aspirations of the OSY of Barangay Napara-an, Salcedo, Eastern Samar. Findings of the study would add to the body of information concerning experiences of youth dropouts.

Review of Literature

The following literature mapped out the context of the OSY's aspirations and its connectivity with the theoretical perspective of the study, and from the same literatures the themes of the study had evolved.

Socio-Economic Condition and Aspiration

Dropping out from school continues to be a phenomenon in the Philippine education in spite of the fact that every year the government through school authorities dovetails efforts to drumbeat the importance of education in human life. Every school year, reports showed incidences of dropouts among students especially in rural areas, and these dropouts who are lacking in saleable skills end up as nonfunctional and unproductive manpower in the society. In Salcedo, Eastern Samar alone, the number of OSY reported by the Department of Social Welfare and Development as of 2015 has a total of 2,628 (Office of Student Affairs, 2016).

The OSY, usually 12-35 years old, are a neglected group receiving very thin support from the government and non-government organizations (F. …

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