Academic journal article American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education

Reassessment of Health-System Capacity for Experiential Education Requirements

Academic journal article American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education

Reassessment of Health-System Capacity for Experiential Education Requirements

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The quality and capacity of experiential education for doctor of pharmacy students continues to be a top priority in the profession of pharmacy. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards 2007, with the institution of Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences (IPPEs) and other experiential education requirements, served as an impetus for a collaboration between the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) to investigate and identify the capacity for hospital/health systems' ability to serve as experiential education sites for colleges and schools of pharmacy. (1,2) Results of the 2007 study suggested that hospitals/health-systems had the capacity to provide experiential education to students through 2012, as well as future capacity to provide students with IPPEs. Recognizing the need for more and updated information on the capacity for hospitals/health-systems to provide experiential education to students, AACP and ASHP collaborated to delve deeper into these issues.

Experiential education has had significant expansion, discoveries and actions since the implementation of Standards 2007, which mandated that experiential education constitute no less than 30% of the pharmacy education curriculum. Growth in the number of colleges and schools of pharmacy from 2007 to fall 2015 increased from 103 to 133 institutions (a 23% increase) and enrollment has increased by 21% from 50,691 to over 63,460 students. (3,4) Regional/state level consortia among pharmacy schools have increased with over 70 institutions currently participating in 11 different consortia. (5) The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education (AJPE) published a themed issue focused on scholarly work and commentary on experiential education in 2012. While the scope of the themed issue was broad, it highlighted a historical view of experiential education, as well as new views and approaches being taken by pharmacy schools to better integrate experiential education into the pharmacy curriculum. (6) Additional literature surrounding IPPEs and various designs of IPPE programs also began to appear as IPPE sites now currently outnumber Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) sites twofold and the resources allocated by pharmacy schools has increased to meet the needs of experiential education. (7) Experiential education teams have also grown and now consist of five or more faculty and staff led by an assistant/associate dean. (7,8)

Colleges and schools of pharmacy still face challenges in finding experiential education placements for their students. (9) As noted by Danielson and colleagues, concerns around the capacity for hospitals/health-systems to serve as experiential education sites still exist. (7) While these exact concerns were raised in the 2007 study, they did not account for changes to the experiential education curriculum with the implementation of Standards 2007. The implementation of ACPE Standards 2016 continues the requirement of utilizing hospitals/health-systems practice sites for both IPPEs and APPEs. (10) Therefore, an examination of the current capacity of experiential education in hospitals/health-systems is warranted.

The purpose of this survey is to provide an update to the 2007 survey by examining the current capacity of hospitals/health systems' ability to conduct experiential education for doctor of pharmacy students. This report will not only provide information on the ability of hospitals/health-systems to participate in and conduct IPPEs and APPEs, but will provide insight on how hospitals/health-systems can partner with colleges and schools of pharmacy in areas pertaining to experiential education.

METHODS

An online survey was developed and distributed using Qualtrics software, version 2012 (Qualtrics Research Suite, Provo, UT) by our research team which was comprised of a clinical pharmacy manager at Novant Health, one AACP staff member, and two ASHP staff members. …

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