Academic journal article International Journal of Business

Designing and Developing Innovators' Skills in Indonesia through Entrepreneurship Education: A Case Study of KejarAURORA

Academic journal article International Journal of Business

Designing and Developing Innovators' Skills in Indonesia through Entrepreneurship Education: A Case Study of KejarAURORA

Article excerpt

I. INTRODUCTION

Since 2012, kejarAURORA has been initiating an educational program for disadvantageous children in Cimahi, Indonesia. KejarAURORA aims to facilitate students aged from 6-18 to develop their imagination and other soft skills (leadership, teamwork, communication, problem solving, and creativity) to become an innovator in the future. kejarAURORA attempts to improve education quality by designing and developing innovator skill in Indonesia through entrepreneurship education.

A. Background

A number of researchers have reported entrepreneurship education focused on the implementation of school curriculum, university curriculum, business school, and training programs with the targets of participants are students, students of university, employees, micro-entrepreneurs, and new entrepreneurs. The implementation of entrepreneurial/innovative skill education needs to be relevant toward the situation of targeted participants. By this reason, it is better to look for the entrepreneurial characteristics and condition of local innovators to investigate the influencing factors.

In order to create an effective impact for society, entrepreneurial characteristics need to be taught since early ages (Dana, 2000). In early ages, there are factors that can influence the process of creating innovators (Wagner, 2012). Innovator that came from their origin will understand about the problem to be solved, so they may pose a better solution (Das, 2012). In Indonesia, entrepreneurial/innovative skill education has not been a focus to prepare disadvantageous children for the future. The imbalance of educational quality between rural and urban area also be a concern in taking a decision to develop the entrepreneurial education. The thing is, socio-economic status, which is one of social group in social inclusions, can be increased through education and empowerment by facilitating human's potential (Gidley, et.al, 2010).

Indonesia has a high level of diversity, in terms of area, social, culture, or religion. Indonesia has 34 provinces with 13,667 islands with 31 different groups of tribes, and 6 official religions (Badan Pusat Statistik, 2010). Based on this condition, different approach is needed to understand the characteristics of innovator as the way to create an educational system that is able to spread the positive impacts.

Based on the Instruksi Presiden No. 6 Tahun 2014 about the increasing of competitiveness in facing the ASEAN community, President of Indonesia asked the government to run a preparation in developing entrepreneurship; development of new entrepreneurs, expansion the role of young entrepreneurs, and development of entrepreneurship based on innovation. ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is asking the readiness of human resources in each country to compete in the community. ASEAN community not only supports trades, investments, and job creations, but also encourages movement of businessperson, investments, skilled labors, and capitals (ASEAN, 2015). It is very important for Indonesia to build a good capacity of human resources, especially in giving preparation since in the early time so they will be able to compete globally in the future.

Data of population in Indonesia from Badan Pusat Statistik (2010) shows that Indonesia currently has demography of good candidates in productive ages. Currently, there are more than 70% of Indonesians under 50 years old. On the other hand, the data show that the quality of human resources in rural areas is still being left by urban area. The percentage of graduated junior high school students in rural is 28.15%, while urban area is showing the percentage of 53.76%. Global Innovation Index in 2015 stated that education in Indonesia is number 97 out of 141. The development and implementation of entrepreneurship or innovator skill education will help Indonesia improve the quality of human resources by creating innovators and leaders when the demography of population is coming to its productive ages. …

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