Academic journal article European Research Studies

Diagnostics of Formedness of System of Values of Future Economists in Professional Preparation Process

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Diagnostics of Formedness of System of Values of Future Economists in Professional Preparation Process

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

1.1. Problem establishment

In modern conditions of the economic development of our country, the problem of qualitative professional training of future specialists of the economic profile for their professional activity in various branches of the national economy becomes more and more relevant. Modern education in a higher educational institution should ensure not only the formation of knowledge, skills and abilities of a future specialist, but also form his/her value sphere, contribute to the formation of his/her outlook through the identification of real values and life priorities. In this context, the problem of diagnostics of maturity of axio-sphere of the future specialist of the economic profile becomes highly topical and needs the further study.

1.2. Analysis of the recent researches and publications

The problem of values was studied by scientists in various aspects. Tugarinov (1960) was one of the first in the national scientific literature who spoke on the value issues. At first, he defines "value" as follows: "values are phenomena (or aspects of phenomena) of nature and society, which are the benefits of life and culture of people of a particular society or class as a reality or ideal" (Tugarinov, 1960).

Uznadze (1961) considered the value problem from the point of view of "guidance" theory. In his opinion, the concept of "value orientations" is identical to such concepts as "guidance", "need", "interest". According to his theory, "guidance" is characterized as a specific holistic and personal state of the individual, which corresponds to his/her needs and situations of the environment (Uznadze, 1961).

Smirnov (1996) participated in the development of methods for the experimental study of values in psychology. He believes that all value theories in modern science can be reduced to two major ones. The first definitions, in his opinion, include terminal values, to which there belong, for example, moral values and values of competence, and the second definitions--the instrumental ones. He further notes that from a functional point of view, instrumental values are activated as criteria, standards when assessing and choosing only the mode of behavior, actions, and terminal ones-- during the evaluation and selection of both the objectives of the activity, and the permissible means of achieving them (Smirnov, 1996).

Maksymchuk (2000) has investigated various approaches to values classification: according to the object of assimilation, the purpose of assimilation, the level of generalization, the way of expression, the meaning in human activity, content of activity, affiliation, etc. She considers values as a form of relationship between the subject and the object, which assumes conscious reproduction by the subject of value-based properties of the object. It is taken into account that values have the ability to acquire meaningfulness in public life and human practice (Maksymchuk, 2000).

One can agree with the thought of Butkivska (1997) on the specifics of the psychological approach to the analysis of the concept of "value". She emphasizes the dependence of both qualitative, and quantitative characteristics of values on human needs. Butkivska (1997) considers the human itself as a value subject, and values are treated as elements of the structure of identity of the person.

Ivantsev (2001) has substantiated the theoretical model of the dynamic analysis of the phenomenology of value in determining the conditions and peculiarities of the dynamics of value orientations of student youth at the stage of its higher education; she discovered and developed a typology of students' value orientations based on the types of self-identification defined as a result of cluster and factor analysis, as well as factors that predetermine their stability and variability. The scientist confirmed the hypothesis that the leading determinant of the dynamics of the characteristics of student value orientation during the professional training is the content of the self-identification (Ivantsev, 2001). …

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