Academic journal article Insight Turkey

World Politics: International Relations and Globalization in the 21st Century

Academic journal article Insight Turkey

World Politics: International Relations and Globalization in the 21st Century

Article excerpt

World Politics: International Relations and Globalization in the 21st Century By Jeffrey Haynes, Peter Hough, Shahin Malik and Lloyd Pettiford Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2017, 475 pages, $15.25, ISBN: 9781473970380

To begin with, this is a text book on international relations and globalization. The body of knowledge produced in World Politics: International Relations and Globalization in 21st Century is broadly divided into six parts. These six parts are subsequently divided into 28 chapters spread over 475 pages. The book provides almost all of the crucial information necessary to understand the major issues in the domain of international relations.

Navigating through the exciting and complex realms of global politics, the book begins by providing basic information about what international relations means in the context of globalization. This has remained one of the most discussed themes of international politics over the previous two decades. World Politics talks, with certain precision, about the development of international society, often reflecting on the need for such a system to maintain global peace and equilibrium.

To advance the argument, the second part of the book--the history of global and international relations--provides a necessary context for the development of international relations. Subdivided into three parts, the book aims to explain the global political developments that emerged from the Second World War. This chapter also talks about the Cold War era and the subsequent irrelevance of bipolarity in world politics. This section briefly discusses European nationalism and imperialism. Unfortunately, it merges religion and nationalism, where religious-nationalism "derives political legitimacy from religious and not secular doctrine" (p. 41). But to frame Iran, Saudi Arabia and ISIS in the same political frame is unfair.

The most important section of the book is the third part, which gives a basic understanding of all the significant theories of international relations. Although it does not delve in detail into these theories, it does make a significant attempt to relate these theories to contemporary global political scenarios.

For Realists, the volume argues, no government can 'enforce laws' in world politics (p. 95); the idea of 'national interest,' thus, will always take priority over the dogma of international security. This means that every state ought to be capable of protecting itself, which, fundamentally, makes weak states vulnerable and insecure. But Liberalism, in its critique of Realism, evokes 'utilitarianism' (p. 104) which, as the book suggests, 'ensures the greatest happiness of the greatest number' (p. 105). However, the assumption that 'human nature is cooperative' (p. 110) is more utopian because, since the beginning of the new global order, not abiding by the global hegemon is portrayed as a 'threat to global security.' The following chapters--on Marxism, Neo-Liberalism, Critical Theory, Social Constructivism and Feminist theory build upon this debate to enlighten the reader about the academic shifts in the theory of international relations.

One of the crucial aspects in the study of international politics is to understand at least the basics of how and why the international structures came into being; part four of the book advances arguments in this regard. It talks about international organizations and international law, while giving due consideration to the emergence of transitional actors. Part five comprehensively compiles commentary and anecdotes on significant global issues like International Security Studies, International Political Economy, human rights, migration, nuclear deterrence, terrorism, and peace keeping. In its final part, "The Future," the book imagines how rising powers like China and India might become a threat to the western dominance of the international political system. It talks about China's 'economic ascendency' and its impact on the 'geostrategic fortunes of individual states and regions globally' (p. …

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