Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Problems of Land Legislation of Ukraine and European Union Integration

Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Problems of Land Legislation of Ukraine and European Union Integration

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Regulatory acts of the European Union play a significant role in regulating land relations in the EU member states. Thus, according to the draft Treaty on the Introduction of the Constitution for Europe (2003/C169/01), adopted by the consensus of the European Convention on June 13 and July 10, 2003, the Council of Ministers unanimously adopts European laws, European framework laws, implements land use measures, excluding the organization of waste collection and disposal (Sulyagina, 2012; Kokanovska, 2016).

According to Art. 51 of the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Ukraine and the European Union (EU) and Member States of June 14, 1994, Ukraine has undertaken to take measures to gradually bring national legislation into line with the legislation of the European Community, that is, to adapt national legislation to the EU legislation requirements. Among the spheres of adaptation there is, in particular, the institution of legal responsibility as an important way of protecting the environment, including lands, as follows from the provisions of the Law of Ukraine "On the State Program for Adaptation of Ukrainian Legislation to the Legislation of the European Union" of March 18, 2004.

The implementation of the course on the European integration necessitates the adaptation of the national land legislation to the EU requirements. According to Art. 51 of the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Ukraine and the European Union (EU) and Member States (Agreement on partnership and cooperation between Ukraine and the European Communities..., 1994) an important condition for strengthening economic ties between Ukraine and the Community is the convergence of the existing and future legislation of Ukraine with Community legislation. Ukraine will take measures to ensure the gradual harmonization of legislation with the legislation of the Community. Adaptation of land legislation is the process of bringing the laws of Ukraine and other regulatory legal acts that are sources of land law of Ukraine, as well as the step-by-step adoption and implementation of Ukrainian regulations, developed in accordance with EU legislation, conformably with the acquis communautaire.

Acquis communautaire (acquis) the legal system of the European Union, which includes, but is not limited to, acts of European Union legislation adopted within the framework of the European Community, the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Co-operation in the Field of Justice and Home Affairs. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account that in the EU operates the principle of the EU rule of law over national law, which found its confirmation in the decisions of the Court of Justice of the EU. Thus, in the judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities in case 26/62, Algemene Transporten Expeditie Ondernemingvan Gend v. Nederlandse Administratieder Belastingen, in case 6/64, Flaminio Costa v. ENEL and in case Variola v. S. P. Administatione Italianadelle Finanze there is entrenched:

* The principle of priority of EU law over the national law of member states (Supremacy of European law principle).

* The principle of direct application of EU law (the principle of direct application of EU law).

The scale of the influence of EU law is evidenced by the fact that approximately 80% of laws and other legal acts in the economic and social spheres that in the past belonged to the competence of states are produced by Union bodies and are unified for all its members (Magnovsky, 2005).

The purpose of adapting the land legislation of Ukraine to the EU legislation is to achieve compliance with the legal system of the country acquis communautaire, taking into account the criteria set by the European Union to the states that intend to join it. The development of Ukrainian legislation in the direction of its approximation to the legislation of the European Union is a priority component of the process of Ukraine's integration to the European Union, which in turn is a priority direction of Ukrainian foreign policy. …

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