Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 63, No. 2, 2018

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 63, No. 2, 2018

Article excerpt

Affect and Sensation: Plato's Embodied Cognition, IAN MCCREADYFLORA

The author argues that Plato, in the Timaeus, draws deep theoretical distinctions between sensation and affect, which comprises pleasure, pain, desire and emotion. Sensation (but not affect) is both fine-grained (having orderly causal connections with its fundamental explanatory items) and immediate (being provoked absent any mediating psychological state). Emotions, by contrast, are mediated and coarse-grained. Pleasure and pain are coarse-grained but, in a range of important cases, immediate. The Theaetetus assimilates affect to sensation in a way the Timaeus does not. Smell frustrates Timaeus because it is coarse-grained, although unlike pleasure and pain it is so by accident of physiology.

Practical and Productive Thinking in Aristotle, JOZEF MULLER

The author argues that, on Aristotle's account, practical thinking (unlike productive thinking) has as its origin a desire whose object is the very thing that one reasons about how to promote. This means: (a) there is only a contingent relationship between the desire that one practically reasons about how to satisfy and the action one decides on; (b) practical thinking and action (unlike productive thinking and production) cannot be separated from the agent. …

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