Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Impact of Indigenous Publishing on Educational Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Selected Publishers in Ibadan

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Impact of Indigenous Publishing on Educational Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Selected Publishers in Ibadan

Article excerpt

Introduction

Publishing is a creative process through which different categories of books are published. It is a creative imagination of number of functionaries in the publishing house and those who are fairly distant especially the authors, freelance editors, designed compositors (typesetters), printers, paper and plate merchants, readers and a host of others. Therefore, it is appropriate to discuss publishing as a formidable succession of activities no one of which can by it be called publishing (Joseph, 2011).

Altbatch and Knight (2007) opined that publishing process coordinates with various processes needed to nurture from an idea in the mind of the author to a printed product available for distribution to the relevant audience. He further described publishing as the heart of coordination of multimedia of activities to produce books. that is dealing with selction, editing of manuscript, planning and supervising the process of transformation of the manuscripts into book.

Grannis (1957) opines that publishing is the intellectual and business procedure of selecting and arranging to make a book and of promoting its ultimate use. Ogunsola, (2005) noticed that publishing plays important role in the development of a nation and the publishing industry is the engine process of development of education, literacy, national culture and dissemination of knowledge which is the basic element in the democratic process of any nation.

Granis (1957) defined book publishing as "making public-to send forth among the people-the words and pictures the creative minds have produced, that editors have worked over, that printers have reproduced. He further explained it as "a formidable succession of activities no one of which can by itself, be called publishing. It is only when a manuscript has been transformed into a book and then distributed to its intended market place, that the process of publishing is complete.

The history of publishing in Nigeria can be traced to the Scottish Presbyterian Mission, led by Rev. Hope Waddell, who arrived at Calabar from Jamaica in 1846 bringing with him a lithographic press and a conventional press for letter press printing. He published the first printed materials in Nigeria in the same year namely "Twelve Bible Lessons" and "Efik Vocabulary". While the first Nigerian newspaper "Iwe Irohin" was published in Yoruba land in 1859 by the Methodist Missions at Abeokuta, the first, privately owned newspaper, "Anglo-African", was issued in 1863 by a Jamaican Immigrant named Robert Campbell. Hence, in the second half of the 19th century Nigerian printing and publishing were tied mainly to Newspaper Journalism. However, the first Nigerian commercial press the Tika-Tore Printing Works, not tied to newspaper publishing, was established in 1910 at Lagos.

However, these presses had a limited subject range and their major focus was on religious, topical, and political issues of the day. School texts, general and light readings and scholarly publications had to be imported, as the Nigerian school curricula were not very different from their European counterparts. Notwithstanding, to cater for the growing education system, the Oxford University Press (which later became known as University Press Ltd in 1978 as a result of the Nigerian Indigenization Decree of 1977) set up its branch in 1949 at Ibadan followed by the establishment of the Ibadan University Press in 1950 which became a full-fledged publishing outfit in 1955 as a result of the University Senate's decision. Ibadan University Press was followed by Onibonoje Press in 1958. Other indigenous publishers of consequence emerged in the 1960's and 1970's namely: African Educational Press, John West Publications, Fourth Dimension, Ilesanmi Press, the Ethiope Publishing Corporation and Northern Nigerian Publishing Corporation (NNPC) which was a joint state publishing venture, based in Zaria. There existed other "publishing" houses in Onitsha, Anambra State, which specialized in what is referred to as "Onitsha Market Literature" (Obiechina, 1973). …

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