Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

The Effects of Social Media on the Undergraduate Students' Academic Performances

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

The Effects of Social Media on the Undergraduate Students' Academic Performances

Article excerpt

I. Introduction

The internet is more than just a means of searching information. People have revealed that the Internet can be used to connect with other people for business or commercial purposes, to make new friends, or to bring back old friends and long lost relatives. The latest example of new communication technology usually used by students is social media, also known as Social Networking Sites. The emergence of social media simplified the process, because they do not call for advanced internet knowledge or experience and are made up of a wide array of different formats and topics. This means that anyone can connect through social media (Sudha and Kavitha, 2016).

The use of social media is being rapidly rising during last few years. It is not only being used by the working people but also there is heavy increase in the use of social media by the students or education society (Raut and Patil, 2016). With such broad acceptance, there is no surprise that social media have affected the way people live and socialize. Social Networking Sites such as Facebook is one of the latest examples of communication technologies that have been widely-adopted by students and, subsequently, have the potential to become a valuable resource to support their educational communications and collaborations with faculty. Social media are mostly used by students to communicate and exchange ideas with lecturers specifically in western contexts (Sudha and Kavitha, 2016). Hasnain, Nasreen and Ijaz (2015) stated that the development of technology and increase in internet usage, social media has become a part of our daily lives. If social media is used in a positive way, it can help students and youth to get knowledge that can be used to improve their academic performances.

Furthermore, Neal (2012) stated that the term social media relates to the many easy-to use services that anybody can use to interact with other people online such as Facebook, YouTube, Blog, Twitter and so on and so forth. Therefore, using social media easy and simple services, enable us to create online presence very easily as signing up for Facebook and Twitter account, subsequently create our own content on the web within minutes. Besides that, academic achievement is the ability of student to study and remember facts and being able to communicate his/her knowledge orally or in written form even in an examination condition (Kpolovie, Joe and Okoto, 2014).

Accordingly, the current study is supposed to be useful, since it is a new in Afghanistan, among undergraduates in Alberoni University. Because in an academic environment, beside traditional resources, students also need a new informational technology such as social media. As said by Sudha and Kavitha (2016) social network sites have attracted considerable attention among scholars and educators due to the increasing popularity among students and the potential effect on academic performance. However, the previous studies, which were conducted in other countries belong to their countries which have many educational, environmental, religious differences with Afghanistan. Thus, this study conducted the research objectives and questions as follows:

1.1 Research objectives

1. To assess the positive effects of social media on the students' academic performances.

2. To assess the negative effects of social media on the students' academic performances.

1.2 Research Questions

1. What are the positive effects of social media on the academic performances of students?

2. What are the negative effects of social media on the academic performances of students?

1.3 Research Hypothesis

1. There are no significant differences concerning the positive effects of social media on the academic performances of students.

2. There are no significant differences concerning the negative effects of social media on the academic performances of students. …

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