Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY: Vol. 115, No. 6, June 2018

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY: Vol. 115, No. 6, June 2018

Article excerpt

Scope or Focus? Normative Focus and the Metaphysics of Normative Relations, NICHOLAS SHACKEL

A prolonged debate about the nature of norms has been conducted in terms of the scope of a modal operator. The author argues that the features of what he calls "normative focus" are more fundamental than scope. We shall see limitations of scope contrasted with better analysis in terms of normative focus. Some authors address such limitations by extending what they mean by scope. The author shows that scope is still not doing the work: what does it is their elicitation of our tacit knowledge of normative focus. Finally, he shows that scope cannot capture normative focus because scope allows us to make only one distinction where we need to make three. So we should leave scope to the philosophers of language and turn instead to the ontology of normative focus.

Transformative Decisions, KEVIN REUTER and MICHAEL MESSERLI

Some decisions we make--such as becoming a parent or moving to a different part of the world--are transformative. …

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