Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 63, No. 3, May 2018

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

PHRONESIS: Vol. 63, No. 3, May 2018

Article excerpt

Plato's Geach Talks to Socrates: Definition by Example-and-Exemplar in the Hippias Major, VASILIS POLITIS

The paper argues that Plato, in the Hippias Major, gives due consideration to the question whether, for some qualities F, such as beauty, it is possible to give an account of what F is by pointing to an example-and-exemplar. He takes seriously, and gives cogent reasons in defense of, an affirmative answer to this question in a manner comparable to Geach--although he argues that these reasons lead to inconsistency, if combined with the view that it is possible to make comparisons in regard to F among significantly different examples-and-exemplars of a thing that is F.

Aristotle on the Structure of Akratic Action, ELENA CAGNOLI FIECCONI

The author argues that, for Aristotle, akratic actions are against one's general commitment to act in accordance with one's correct conception of one's ends overall. Only some akratic actions are also against one's correct decision to perform a particular action. This thesis explains Aristotle's views on impetuous akrasia, weak akrasia, stubborn opinionated action, and inverse akrasia. In addition, it sheds light on Aristotle's account of practical rationality. Rational actions are coherent primarily with one's commitments to one's conception of the good and only secondarily with one's decisions to perform a particular action. …

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