Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

Environmental Diversity in Asir Region and Its Impact on Tourism Development Sustainablity

Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

Environmental Diversity in Asir Region and Its Impact on Tourism Development Sustainablity

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Many cultures and religions have common values and beliefs (Foucault, 2013). Religions around the world have always preached that the existence of a living organism gives it a fundamental right of survival and self-preservation (Hope & Jones, 2014). In the past decades, the concept of nature conservation was advocated as an environmental necessity. This was spurred by increased environmental awareness in terms of the effects of extinction. The cessation of a natural process is not reversible. Organisms that go extinct remain so forever. As much as it is our duty to conserve archaeological sites and rare artistic creations, we are responsible for maintaining environmental diversity at all including levels genetic diversity, species diversity and the diversity of the ecological systems. Besides, nature conservation is in the best interest of humanity considering that the environment is the provider of products and services, which sustain human life (Mooney, Postel, Schneider, Tilman & Woodwell, 1997). It goes without saying that biodiversity is on the vanguard of cultural diversity, economic growth and environmental sustainability. It generates non-direct benefits and contributes to a larger gene pool (Eshtayeh & Jamus, 2002)

The Concept of Environmental Diversity

Assessment assents that Environmental diversity refers to the diversity of the habitats, the living organisms and the ecosystems (Assessment, 2005). Wanhui believes that the terminology applied to ecological complexes with which living organisms from all sources interact, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems (Wanhui, 2002). It may also refer to diversity within a certain species and among different species. According to, Balmford et al. environmental diversity describes a collection of disparities among living organisms found in terrestrial and marine ecosystems, as well as other water systems (Balmford et al., 2005). Moreover, the environmental configurations define those ecological systems in which living organisms exist; and it includes the biological disparities within a species and among different ecosystems.

The Case Study of Asir Region

Asir (also transliterated as Aseer) is one of the provinces in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It was named after a confederation of clans that resided in the area (Alzedee, 2004). Asir region is located in the south-western part of the Kingdom between latitudes of 17[degrees] 25' north and 19[degrees] 50' north and between longitudes of 50[degrees] 00' east and 41[degrees] 50' east. Asir stretches from the borders of al-Dareb, al-Shequq and Piech (Jazan Region) in the south-west to the borders of Yemen in the south and the borders of Najran in the east. It is situated between the valley of propellants (Riyadh Region) to the north and Vernier, Qunfudah and the Red Sea (Mecca Region to Al-Baha Region) to the west (Som & Al-Kassem, 2013).

Asir has an area of 81,000 [km.sup.2] and an estimated population of 1,913,392 (Kenawy, Al Ashry & Shobrak, 2014). The capital of the province is Abha. The region is situated on a high plateau, which receives more rainfall than the rest of the Kingdom. It has the highest peaks in Saudi Arabia. Some of these packs rise to almost 3,000 meters (Mount Soodah near Abha). Although data is exceedingly sparse and unreliable, the average annual rainfall in Asir's highlands ranges from a high of 300 millimetres (12 inches) to a low of 500 millimetres (20 inches). The region has two rainy seasons. The main season one lasts from March to April. Despite the occasional rains, it is extremely hot in summer. The diurnal temperature ranges (DTR) in the highlands are considered the largest in the world. In the mornings, it is extremely frosty and foggy that visibility may be reduced to almost 0%, However it is common for temperatures to exceed 30 [degrees]C (85 [degrees]F) in the afternoon, (Som & Al-Kassem, 2013). …

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