Academic journal article Michigan Academician


Academic journal article Michigan Academician


Article excerpt

Epistemological Foundations of Scientific Communication. Serge Danielson-Francois, Lawrence Technological University; AP Capstone students and diplomats, Divine Child

At Divine Child, we have taken a deep dive into the philosophy of science as part of our AP Research class for juniors and seniors. We have relied on Karl Popper's The Logic Of Scientific Discovery and Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach, Jurgen Hahermas's Facts and Norms as well as Martin Heidegger's Discourse on Thinking to frame our conversation about truth and its correspondence to the facts. We have rooted our method in Popper's claim that "we are seekers for the truth but we are not its possessors." Guided by this humble insight, students have articulated novel research questions and composed 5,000 word mini-theses exploring a gap in our understanding of such contemporary and significant topics as Medicaid work requirements and Republican labor ideology, alienation and the sharing economy, exile and identity in the global Indian diaspora, mass communication theory and social media manipulation of financial markets, sexual politics of urban migration in the Niger Delta, and discursive practices in political installation art and guerrilla theater. In a post-truth era, their rigorous investigations give educators reasons to hope that disciplined shared inquiry will remain a hallmark of serious academic engagement for at least one more generation.

Beyond Understanding: Charity, Community, and Practical Usage for Invitational Rhetoric by YouTuber Markiplier. Anna J. Palm, Oakland University

The study of YouTube personality Markiplier (Mark Fischbach) shows that there's a practical usage for invitational rhetoric as it serves to build a community online and raise money for various charities. Sonja Foss and Cindy Griffin's invitational rhetoric is a communicative mode grounded in feminist principles of equality, immanent value, and self-determination. One of its goals is to invite free expression without an attempt at persuasion. The theory has mostly been regarded as unrealistic and disempowering. However, as seen in Fischhach's one-on-one videos where he uses emotion, humor and sharing to connect with people globally, it can be used as a method of relaying a message to a larger audience. Using feminist rhetorical criticism and assistance from Carol Gilligan's ethics of care, it becomes evident that Fischbach uses 1R by inviting the audience to consider his philosophy that everyone can change the world while still valuing their autonomy and power.

"Leggings Ain't Pants": Fox News' Rhetorical Containment of More than Just Women's Fashion. Courtney Stockman, Oakland University

Considering Fox News' millions of viewers, recent sexual harassment scandals and other sexist broadcasts, it is imperative that scholars interrogate how gender is (re)produced and is reinforced on this very popular network. Fox and Friends' 2015 segment "Getting a Leg Up: Proper Etiquette on Wearing Leggings" provides insight on the ideologies promulgated by Fox News regarding the female body and gender roles. Drawing on Judith Butler's (1988) theory of perform-ativity, and Susan Bordo's (1993) understanding of the body as a cultural text and site of social control, I uncover the particular ways Fox News contains and disciplines the female body in this segment. Utilizing a feminist rhetorical methodology I argue that Fox News, via fashion as a point of departure, contains women through three interconnected strategies: male authority over the female body, the infantilization of the adult female body, and the silencing of women.

A Generic Criticism of Andrews Response to #ItIsTimeAU. Listen. Dialogue. Change. Desrene Vernon-Brebnor and Debbie-Ann Francis, Andrews University

During Black history month (February 2017) concerned students and staff of Andrews University issued a PSA titled It Is Time. The three minutes and twenty-eight second video highlighted a list of concerns for which an apology was being sought from the university. …

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