Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Experts Agree on Key Advice to Reduce Cancer Risk

Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Experts Agree on Key Advice to Reduce Cancer Risk

Article excerpt

The connection between diet and cancer risk is astonishing. According to a recent report by the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Fund, between three and four million cases of cancer worldwide could be prevented annually through dietary change.

The report, Food, Nutrition, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective, presents a broad review of scientific evidence on diet, nutrition, and cancers. It offers some dietary recommendations that Americans have heard before from leading organizations such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), and the American Cancer Society (ACS) on reducing cancer risk. The report also contains some advice that is not in accordance with these other dietary guidelines.

Finding precise links between diet and cancer is not easy. For example, over 100 different cancers exist, each with its own set of causes. Furthermore, the number of components in the average diet is dizzying: Some components may decrease the risk, and others may increase it. With heart disease, there are risk factors like high blood cholesterol, but similar indicators may not exist to suggest cancer.

The study's key recommendation - to choose a predominantly plant-based diet that includes a variety of vegetables, fruits, and grains - echoes the 1996 ACS recommendation to choose mostly plant-based foods. …

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