Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Preservation of Information Resources in Selected School Libraries in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Preservation of Information Resources in Selected School Libraries in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Article excerpt

Introduction

Library is an indispensable facility of any educational institution. A well equipped school library is therefore very crucial to the education and general information needs of teachers, students and its community. This is why the thought of stocking library with adequate information resources readily comes to mind when an institution is to be established (Akporhonor, 2005). A library is one of the social institutions that have the primary role of acquiring, processing, organizing, preserving as well as conserving the print and non-print information resources for users. School library is one of the types of libraries that play all the primary role of acquisition, organization, processing (cataloguing and classification), storing, preservation and dissemination of information resources to students, staff and its community users.

A library is a collection of books and other forms of recorded information purposefully selected and systematically organized and preserved by qualified library personnel for use by either the public or a target group (Oluwaniyi, 2010). Library and education are two vital institutions of socialization and perpetuation of the human race. The two cannot be separated in an all-around development of human race. The provision of library services is therefore crucial and indispensable to both the primary and post primary educational system. Every school needs a library; teachers and students need to use library information materials in the teaching and learning process. The achievement of a qualitative school's education program depends, to a great extent, on quick access to library information resources (Adeniji, 2006).

A school library is a place where teachers and students have access to a variety of information resources. It is a library established and attached to both primary and secondary schools for teaching and learning processes. Kolade (2001) stated that "the school library is the heart of the school with a wide variety of education media. These media include books, magazines, newspapers, recordings, maps, films, photographs and paintings, computer systems and audio and visual information materials such as television, video tape, camera, slide, transparency, microforms (microfilms, microfiches, microcards) and tape recorders for school projects".

Elaturoti (2006) defined the school library as "the heart of the school around which all school programmes revolve ". As an integral part of the educational system, the school library has the following objectives:

i. Through its information resources, school library functions to achieve greater growth and development of every child/students

ii. It provides a wide range of information resources for individual differences taking each students where he is and helping him to grow;

iii. Through its resources, print non-print, it provides experiences for the children so that they might appreciate the past, comprehend the world today and intelligently prepare for tomorrow;

iv. The school library by teaching the use of information resources provides the opportunity for students to help themselves;

v. Uses of up-to-date information resources available to supplement and enrich the teaching and learning situation among others.

According to Kolade (2001) school library is seen as a tool of excellence for life-long learning for all citizens. Libraries are established to advance the course of education. He further stated that "familiarity with libraries and consuming interest in private studies will enable students have smooth pursuit studies at the higher institution". The school library contributes to the total development of its users by broadening their intellectual horizons and inculcating in students a lasting desire to read and learn.

However, all these could be possible if the necessary information resources are present in the school library. …

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