Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Awareness and Usage of Cloud Computing Application among LIS Professionals: A Case Study of 17 Indian University Libraries

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Awareness and Usage of Cloud Computing Application among LIS Professionals: A Case Study of 17 Indian University Libraries

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Latest technological development has brought a remarkable transformation in every field, and library science is not an exception to it. "Cloud-based services are set to transform the way libraries work, unleashing librarians from the admin burden to focus on services for students and researchers (JISC, 2011)". Cloud computing is not a new technology on the web but it is a new form of computing. Cloud computing is used by almost everyone those connected to internet on a regular basis. Whether they are using Google's Gmail, organizing photos on Picasa or searching the Web with Bing, they are engaged in cloud computing. "Cloud computing is a kind of computing technology which facilitates in sharing the resources and services over the internet rather than having these services and resources on local servers/ nodes or personal devices. The combination of servers, networks, connection, applications and resources is defined as 'cloud'. Cloud computing is acting as a resources pooling technology for accessing infinite computing services and resources as per demand of users and can be compare with models of pay as you use or utility model same as used for mobile services usages and electricity consumption." (Kaushik & Kumar, 2013). There are three service models of Cloud Computing such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), & Software as a Service (SaaS). IaaS offers necessary computing resources like (processing, storage, networks, and operating resources) over the Internet. PaaS offers platform (Google App Engine) to run the user created or acquired applications on the Internet. SaaS provides applications and software (Google Docs) on cloud which can be accessed through any device having web browser. According to (Mavodza, 2013) "libraries are using the cloud for putting together user resources, i.e. using Software as a Service (SaaS), such as in library catalogues, WorldCat, Googledocs, and the aggregated subject gateways like SUMMON, and others; the web Platform as a Service (PaaS) as in the use of GoogleApp Engine; or Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) as in the use of D-Space, FEDORA, and others. The cloud is confirmed as a facilitator in storing and accessing information in addition to providing a unified web presence with reduced local storage capacity challenges."

Few research studies has been made on cloud computing. Yuvraj (2013) made a survey to find, how librarians in Indian Central Universities are using Cloud Computing tools into their daily library services and works. Result show that librarians are heavily dependent on cloud computing tools and majority of them are using various devices and want to imply the same to improve library services. Again, economics, delivery models and service layers and the user's preference of cloud computing are the core drivers for using those applications in library, but majority of the librarians showed their concern over the security. Abid M.H. et.al (2012) made a survey in 4 different universities of Faisalabad, Pakistan to find, the perception and what sort of issue, the IT administrators can face while using cloud computing. Findings show that most of the participants are familiar with cloud computing but unfortunately some of them are not much clear due to lack of resources. 91% participants replied that using of cloud computing is a highly security risk. Mahalakshmi & Ally (2012) conducted a study to identify the awareness and applications of cloud computing by librarians of engineering colleges of coimbatore district and found that most of the respondents (98.2%) are aware of the term cloud computing and 87.7% of the respondents are aware of the application of cloud computing in libraries. Half of the respondents (52.6%) are of the opinion that it is feasible to apply cloud computing in libraries in Indian context.

Many studies have examined the overall concept of Cloud Computing. …

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