Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Leadership Styles and Motivation on Job Performance of Library Personnel in Public University Libraries in North Central Nigeria

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Leadership Styles and Motivation on Job Performance of Library Personnel in Public University Libraries in North Central Nigeria

Article excerpt

Introduction

The university is an institution regarded as one of the sources from where students in different disciplines acquire knowledge and skills for self-development. It is also regarded as the apex of all tertiary institutions which is expected to make optimum contribution to national development by intensifying and diversifying its programmes for the development of high level manpower within the context of the needs of national requirements (Mgbekem, 2004). Specifically, the goals of university education, as stated by the Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN, 2013) in its National Policy:

are to: develop and inculcate proper value-orientation for the survival of the individual and society; develop the intellectual capability of individuals to understand and appreciate their internal (local) and external environments; acquire both physical and intellectual skills which will enable individuals to be self-reliant and develop into useful members of the community/society; contribute to national development through high level relevant manpower training; promote and encourage scholarship and community service; forge and cement national unity; and promote national and international understanding and interaction (FRN, 2013:30).

For the realization of all the highlighted goals, the teaching of university education must be effective and in line with the 21st century instructional delivery; its research has to be relevant to the national development; its results have to be disseminated to both government and industries; and its services have to be efficient and effective. The efficiency and effectiveness of these service however depends highly on the extent of the provision and utilization of service provided by the university library (Ukachi, 2013). The university library, which is commonly referred to as the nerve centre of the university is primarily set up for the achievement of the university's set goals and objectives by providing information materials and services which satisfies the information needs of the entire university community. It is an integral part of a university, administered to meet the information and research needs of its students, faculty and non-teaching staff.

According to Amusa, Iyoro and Ajani (2013), library personnel, as human resources in university libraries, are the activators of functions and services therein, as they possess skills in collection development, technical processing of information sources as well as education and services. In this study, personnel in universities libraries, are classified as either library heads/managers (librarians) and junior staff (library officers and assistants) saddled with the responsibility of providing information services that supports teaching, learning and research. Katamba and Abdulsalam (2014) defined job performance as the discharge of statutory duties or functions based on workers' field of specialization which are geared towards the attainment of an organization's objectives. Harikaran (2015, p.52) defined job performance as "the net effect of a person's effort as modified by his/her abilities and traits and by his/her role perceptions". To this end, it suffices to say that leadership is the key to the progress and survival of any organisation whether it is an enterprise or organisation. It is important that the library administration is inestimable because of its far reaching effects on the accomplishment and attainment of library objectives. Okafor (2011) opined that in Nigeria, most of the successes or failures in library administration depend largely on the influence of these leaders on their subordinates and the styles or types of leadership they exhibit in administering the library. Leadership styles according to Northouse (2013), is the ability to get work done with the group, while at the same time, winning the confidence, loyalty, respect and willing cooperation of the entire group. The author stated further that it is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve common goals. …

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