Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Utilization of Academic Library Resources for Research Productivity among Lecturers in Private Universities in South-South Nigeria

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Utilization of Academic Library Resources for Research Productivity among Lecturers in Private Universities in South-South Nigeria

Article excerpt

Introduction

Research plays an important role in facilitating the prosperity of a nation and the well-being of her people. Through research, Universities and other higher institutions of learning make important contributions to the growth and development of vital sectors of a nation, thereby promoting national and global development. Most of the research work in Nigeria occurs in the universities. Research is a process of rigorous, systematic, validating, verifiable, empirical, critical, analyzing and interpreting information to answer questions. It is a conscious effort to collect, verify, and analyze information. Mason (2011) defined research as "the systematic quest for knowledge". Research provides good platform for Lecturers to become accomplished scholars. Research outputs come in the form of journal articles, published books, chapters in books, technical reports, conference papers, seminar papers, edited works, workshop papers, thesis and other types of publications. These research outputs enable lecturers to earn recognition in academic circles nationally and internationally. Also, University recognition and advancement of academic staff depend largely on the quantity and quality of research productivity. Research productivity often serves as a major role in attaining success in academic circle as it is related to promotion, tenure, salary etc, of academic staff (Okonedo, 2015).

For a meaningful research to take place, scholars should be aware of the state of the existing knowledge and have access to information which will help them to build up their own theories and findings. An important variable that may influence research productivity of lecturers in private universities in Nigeria is the academic library resources. All through the history of the world, libraries have been important institutions for the conservation and preservation of human knowledge. Generally, the library is unique in that, it does not only select, organize, store and retrieve information; it also creates access, protects intellectual freedom and provides direct assistance and instruction to its users in the use of its information resources. In recent times, new technologies and communication tools have revolutionized the format and style of libraries services. The channels to access and distribution of information and knowledge have become much more diverse. While libraries will not be replaced, they will need to adapt new methodologies in order to take advantage of the new tools.

Okonedo (2015) opined that there is a direct correlation between utilization of library resources and research productivity of lecturers. Okonedo recommended that academic libraries in Nigeria should be equipped with both print and electronic resources in order to attract more users especially lecturers. This study therefore further investigates the nexus between utilization of library resources and research productivity of lecturers in Private Universities in South--South Nigeria.

Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the study:

i What is the extent of utilization of academic library resources by lecturers in private Universities in South-south, Nigeria?

ii What is the extent of research productivity among lecturers in private universities in South-south, Nigeria?

iii What are the challenges lecturers experience in their quest for research productivity in Private Universities in South-south, Nigeria?

Research Hypothesis

The following hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 significance level.

[HO.sub.1] There is no significant relationship between utilization of academic library resources and research productivity among lecturers in private universities in South-South Nigeria.

Review of Related Literature

Information plays vital roles in the lives of lecturers. They need information to enhance their professional career, promote their research activities, to keep up with the current development in their fields of study, and to develop competence in their teaching skills, among others. …

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