Academic journal article The Qualitative Report

Tribal Gaming Leader Strategies toward a Sustainable Future

Academic journal article The Qualitative Report

Tribal Gaming Leader Strategies toward a Sustainable Future

Article excerpt


In this study, we explored the strategies leaders use to ensure corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices in the tribal gaming industry. The selection of a single, qualitative case study yielded rich and thick data. The purpose of this qualitative single case study was to discover the strategies leaders use to ensure CSR practices in the tribal gaming industry.

The researchers were influenced by the culture and circumstances in the Four States region since there are several tribal gaming institutions located within the state of Oklahoma. Tribal gaming began when voters approved the Oklahoma gaming act in 2004. The Oklahoma State Tribal Gaming Act created a compact that allows federally recognized Native American tribes to operate gaming activity for the use in economic development, general welfare, tribal government, and charitable organizations. The qualitative method is appropriate for the focus of this research study on the ways that leadership can incorporate CSR. Perez and Rodriguez del Bosque (2013) noted the high importance of customer perceptions and beliefs in tribal gaming. We conducted a focus group and semistructured interviews with tribal gaming leaders from the same casino to obtain data and answer the overarching research question.

The execution of strategic intent and planning has produced the acceptance of a long-term concentration and a broad set of culpabilities which focus on ethical practices, employees, environment, and customers (Ameer & Othman, 2012). Perez and Rodriguez del Bosque (2013) articulated CSR as the activities responsive to stakeholders that provide a sense of responsibility and voluntary commitment to social and environmental concerns. Organizational leaders may apply knowledge learned to instill CSR practices to communicate the need to implement CSR initiatives (Aguinis & Glavas, 2012). The overarching research question for this study was: What strategies do leaders use to ensure CSR practices in the tribal gaming industry?

Cultural Heritage

Tribal members find their memberships as a radical and societal issue (Debenport, 2012). Native Americans formed reservations toward the end of the 19th century (Akee & Jorgensen, 2014). The U.S. Congress proposed Native American policy to break up the nations and encourage the Native Americans to live in American society and live as citizens (Echohawk, 2013). The lifestyles of the Native Americans varied by tribe and location; some tribes had domesticated crops and other tribes were nomadic in nature. Some Native Americans' methods for survival included the itinerant movement in search for food and water, changing with the seasons (Alzahrani, 2011). Women were leaders of some tribes; however, many of the tribes had male leaders. The tribal members' tools of resourcefulness were survival that included trading with the early European settlers, which forever changed the heritage of the Native Americans (Alzahrani, 2011).

The U.S. Supreme Court identified Indian tribes as a domestic dependent nation in 1831 (Echohawk, 2013). The tribal classification did not include United States citizenship until 1924; however, members followed the orders of the federal government (Echohawk, 2013). The tribes appeared before the Supreme Court in 1832 in an attempt to retain their lands, discovering their freedom from state laws, which provoked the act of multiple treaties until 1871 (Echohawk, 2013). United States government representatives enacted a New Deal policy in 1934 to turn the sovereign rights back to the individuals, and, until that time, congressional leaders recognized the tribes as separate domestic dependent sovereign nations (Echohawk, 2013).

Tribes requested federal aid and autonomy in the early 1970s; however, the American taxpayers opted for economic development on the tribal lands (Alzahrani, 2011). Tribal members followed the Indian policy introduced by Congress with the specific intent to end the tribal government and introduce the sovereign nations among the U. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.