Academic journal article European Research Studies

Entrepreneurship as an Area of Knowledge: Literature Review

Academic journal article European Research Studies

Entrepreneurship as an Area of Knowledge: Literature Review

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

This research shows central elements that illustrate the trends in the field of entrepreneurship. It is a contribution aimed primarily at researchers interested in issues such as entrepreneurship and business creation. The review of the field allows inferring that the knowledge built around the entrepreneur and entrepreneurship comes from different disciplines, which generates ambivalence and polysemy, as well as dissimilar positions.

A report on the analysis of knowledge built was performed based on the initial analysis of 291 review articles produced from 2011 to 2015 in the field, leading to the final selection of 40 articles. From a rational conception promulgated by the economic school, it can by stated that knowledge transited towards the enterprising personality and opportunity detection based on the cognitivist and processual schools. The review shows that, in the second decade of the 21st century, researchers turned to the study of the environment supported by institutional and network theory. Finally, the document highlights some proposals that have tried to change perspectives in the study of entrepreneurship, which are characterized by being integrative and encourage considering constructivist elements.

2. Methodology

Technological surveillance, of which there are several procedures described by recognized authors, was used for the study. The methodology used for the study's development is described below (Berges-Garcia, Meneses-Chaus and Martinez- Ortega, 2016; Gimenez-Toledo and Roman-Roman, 2001).

Identification of tools: For the elaboration of the article, the main database containing information related to the research topic was identified and accessed:

Scopus: The largest database of references and abstracts reviewed by peers: scientific journals, books and conference proceedings.

Thesaurus identification and definition: Initially a thesaurus or list of words with similar meanings or synonyms in Spanish, English and French was constructed, which allowed establishing direct or indirect relationships with the concepts to be consulted, and in turn, building more accurately the search equations.

Search equation: (TITLE-ABS-KEY (emprendimiento) OR TITLE-ABS-KEY (entrepreneurship) OR TITLE-ABS-KEY (l'esprit AND d'entreprise) OR TITLE-ABS-KEY (entrepreneurialism) AND DOCTYPE (re) AND PUBYEAR > 2010 AND PUBYEAR <2016 AND (LIMIT-TO (SUBJAREA, "BUSI") OR LIMIT-TO (SUBJAREA, "ECON")).

3. Results and Discussion

3.1 Worldwide publications on the topic from 2011 to 2015

A total of 291 records that fulfilled the condition of review articles were obtained, noting a high production during 2012, followed by a period of stability in production in 2013, 2014 and 2015 (Figure 1).

The countries with the highest production of review articles are the United States with 88 and the United Kingdom with 45. In Spain there were 18 identified; in Canada, 16; and in Sweden, 13 (Figure 2).

The journals that stand out with the most publications are Strategic Direction, with 25 review articles, and International Journal of Entrepreneurship And Small Business, with 13. They are followed by World Review of Entrepreneurship Management and Sustainable Development, with 9 (Figure 3).

3.2 The area of knowledge of entrepreneurship: between the individual, the environment and the opportunity

Research on the phenomenon of business creation has involved attempts to move from isolated aspects, such as the individual, the environment (social, economic) and opportunity, towards multidimensional or integrative perspectives. As stated by Van de Ven (1993), it would be deficient to analyze the creation of companies focused solely on the characteristics and behavior of individual entrepreneurs.

The field of entrepreneurship has evolved from the perspective of various schools. Each participates with an additional understanding of the phenomenon based on the premises of their own discipline. …

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