Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

THE MONIST: Vol. 102, No. 2, April 2019

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

THE MONIST: Vol. 102, No. 2, April 2019

Article excerpt

Punishing Groups: When External Justice Takes Priority over Internal Justice, JOHANNES HIMMELREICH and HOLLY LAWFORD-SMITH

Punishing groups raises a difficult question, namely, how their punishment can be justified at all. Some have argued that punishing groups is morally problematic because of the effects that the punishment entails for their members. In this paper, the authors argue against this view. They distinguish the question of internal justice--how punishment-effects are distributed--from the question of external justice--whether the punishment is justified. The authors argue that issues of internal justice do not in general undermine the permissibility of punishment. They also defend the permissibility of what some call "random punishment." They argue that, for some kinds of collectives, there is no general obligation to internally distribute the punishment-effects equally or in proportion to individual contribution.

Collective Moral Obligations: 'We-Reasoning' and the Perspective of the Deliberating Agent, ANNE SCHWENKENBECHER

Together we can achieve things that we could never do on our own. …

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