Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Measles and Rubella Vaccination in India

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Measles and Rubella Vaccination in India

Article excerpt

India has launched one of the world's largest vaccination campaigns against measles and rubella.

The campaign started on 7 February to vaccinate more than 35 million children in the age group of nine months to 15 years.

The first phase of the campaign was expected to accelerate the country's efforts to eliminate measles which affects an estimated 2.5 million children every year, killing nearly 49 000 of them.

The campaign also marks the introduction of rubella vaccine in India's childhood immunization programme to address congenital rubella syndrome which causes birth defects such as irreversible deafness and blindness in nearly 40 000 children every year.

India has made important efforts and gains against measles in recent years. Measles deaths have declined by 51% from an estimated 100 000 in the year 2000 to 49 000 in 2015.

This has been made possible by significantly increasing the reach of the first dose of measles vaccine, given at the age of nine months under routine immunization, from 56% in 2000 to 87% in 2015. …

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