Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Childcare Providers' Knowledge Related to Skin Cancer Prevention

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Childcare Providers' Knowledge Related to Skin Cancer Prevention

Article excerpt

Jeffrey W. Schulz and Barry P. Hunt, Mississippi State University

Incidence of skin cancer in the United States is increasing at the rate of 4% annually. Estimates for 1999 indicate that more than one million new cases will be diagnosed this year. The major risk factor for all types of skin cancer is exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). It appears that the most serious form of skin cancer, melanoma, is closely tied to the occurrence of sunburn. Recent studies indicate that a single sunburn during the first 15-20 years of life increases the risk of melanoma twofold. Little has been done to develop programs for providers of childcare for preschool-aged children. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of knowledge related to skin cancer prevention possessed by childcare providers. Seventy-two licensed childcare providers were randomly sampled. Sixty-five percent (47) of those sampled were between the ages of 31 and 50. Ninety-four percent (67) were female. The sample was made up of both African American (36%) and Caucasian/ White (64%) participants. When ask ed about their education level, 35% (25) said they had completed "some college" course work, 26% (19) said they had earned a college degree, 21% had earned a high school diploma or GED but had not attended college, and 18% (13) had earned a graduate degree. …

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