Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Motivational Determinants of Physical Activity: Ethnic Differences

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Motivational Determinants of Physical Activity: Ethnic Differences

Article excerpt

Linda J. Stonecipher, Western Oregon University

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived social support for physical activity among different ethnic groups. The 1996 Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health recommended that all adults engage in 30 min of exercise daily. Recent data suggest that less than one-third of the U.S. adult population participates in regular activity (MMWR, 1996), and participation varies by ethnicity (Ransdell and Wells, 1998). In this study, a survey was administered to 254 job corps participants (ages 16--26 years) to assess perceived physical activity level and perceived social support for physical activity. Previous studies (Stonecipher and Schostalo, 1996; Stonecipher, 1998) with the instrument demonstrated that it was reliable and valid for young adults. Descriptive statistics indicated that 57% of the participants were Caucasian, 15% Asian, 14% African American, 10% Hispanic, and 4% Native American. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that there was a significant (F = 2.26, p [le ss than] .05) difference in reported levels of physical activity among ethnic groups. Tukey's post hoc test indicated that African Americans were significantly more active than Caucasians. …

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