Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Mastery Motivational Climate Interventions: A Closer Developmental Look at Who Benefits

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Mastery Motivational Climate Interventions: A Closer Developmental Look at Who Benefits

Article excerpt

Carola Frank Adalbjornsson, Mary E. Rudisill, Nadia C. Valentini, Ellen H. Martin, and Alice M. Buchanan, Auburn University, and Jacqueline D. Goodway, The Ohio State University

It is now well founded in the educational literature that the type of motivational climate a teacher adopts and implements in the gymnasium or classroom may enhance or hinder learning (Epstein, 1988). Recent research in education has been driven by the underlying theory that learning for all individuals, regardless of developmental level, may be enhanced when the motivational climate is based on a mastery approach (Ames, 1992). We conducted a series of investigations to determine the effectiveness of a mastery motivation climate intervention on the motor skill performance of kindergarten children (Valentini, 1997,1999). In all three interventions, participants were assigned to either a Mastery or Comparison group. Participants performed the Test of Gross Motor Development before and after the 12-week intervention programs, assessing locomotor and object control motor skill competence. The results showed that the groups of children who had received a Mastery Climate intervention performed significantly better on postlocomotor and postobject control skills than did the Comparison group. …

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