Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Conceptualizing Skillfulness in Instructional and Athletic Contexts

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Conceptualizing Skillfulness in Instructional and Athletic Contexts

Article excerpt

Kyle B. Plank, West Ottawa Public Schools, and Pamela C. Allison, Bowling Green State University

Although recognition of skill, or talent, may be universal throughout the human experience, characteristics of what counts as skillful performance differ from one culture to the next. In our culture, movement is recognized as a valuable area of human performance, specifically within the sociocultural institution of the school. Physical education and athletics are the particular contexts within schools where skilled movement performance has been emphasized. It would seem important to explore how skillfulness is defined by those who participate in these two contexts. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to gain insight into the conceptualizations of movement skillfulness held by teacher/coaches (T/C) and student/athletes (S/A) as they operate in the dual contexts of physical education and interscholastic athletics. Constructivist educational theory, with its emphasis on the contextual nature of meaning derived from schooling, guided the conduct of this study. Two male high school physical education teach ers, who also coach varsity basketball, and five male high school physical education students, who also play varsity basketball, were the participants in this study. The two high schools represented by the participants are in small, middle class, predominantly white, rural communities in the Midwest. …

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