Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Activity Readiness and Exercise Self-Efficacy, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Attitudes in High Functioning Older Adults

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Activity Readiness and Exercise Self-Efficacy, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Attitudes in High Functioning Older Adults

Article excerpt

Bobby Guinn, University of Texas-Pan American

Much of the investigation into why elders choose to become or remain active or inactive has typically centered on the relationships of psychological constructs with exercise behavior. Well documented variables include Prochasta and DiClemente's stages of readiness (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance), self-efficacy, perceived behavioral control, and attitudes toward exercise. However, most studies dealing with the psychological correlates of exercise behavior in older adults have included participants in well structured institutional, community, or rehabilitative programs. Therefore the purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between activity stages of readiness and self-efficacy, perceived behavioral control, and attitudes among healthy, high functioning, independent living elderly. Participants (N = 471), ranging in age from 62 to 93 years, were selected from four age-segregated recreational vehicle parks located in a popular retirement area located in the Lower Rio Grande Valley region of Texas. Data were gathered through a self-reported survey instrument consisting of stage or readiness, self-efficacy, perceived behavioral control, and attitude scales, a self-rated health index and selected demographic variables. …

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